Showing 36–64 of 64 results

  • Sale!

    Psychotherapeutic Practice Experience In Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos

    0.00

    Psychotherapeutic Practice Experience In Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos

    Abstract

    Review of previous studies shows that psychotherapy helps people make positive changes in their lives. In psychotherapy, psychological principle and scientifically validated procedures help people develop healthier, more effective habits and positive coping skills.  In Yaba, referral for psychotherapy ranges from 50-60 clients, for both in and out clients, in the hospital per week.  Clinical experiences validate previous scientific reports of psychotherapeutic efficacy in managing behaviour disorders.  Hospital based psychotherapy is a collaborative management that builds on the relationship between client(s) and the therapist and it provides a supportive environment for both the therapist and the clients. There are different approaches to psychotherapy, in the hospital, with different and unique theoretical perspectives.  Each theoretical perspective acts as a roadmap to help the therapist understand their clients, their problems and develop solutions. It could also take various forms, including individual, family, marital and group. This paper is an attempt to present the psychotherapeutic approaches and practice experiences in Yaba Psychiatric Hospital.  Sharing our experiences with other professional colleagues will not only serve as scientific information that have the potential for practice adjustment to professional colleagues in other centres but may also provide some ingredients of improvement to our centre’s clinical practice. This paper is an attempt to present the psychotherapeutic approaches and practice experiences in Yaba Psychiatric Hospital.  Sharing our experiences with other professional colleagues will not only serve as scientific information that has the potential for practice adjustment to professional colleagues in other centres, but may also provide some ingredients of improvement to our centre’s clinical practice.

     

    Key words: Psychotherapy, Hospital, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Psychotherapeutic Practice

     

     

    Ajirotutu, O.,  Akinnawo, E. O. and Akinniyi, O.,

    Department of Behavioural Studies,

    Redeemer’s University, Ede.

     

    Email:tayoajirotutu2000@yahoo.com, estaaks:26@gmail.com

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapeutic Values of Igbo Healing Practices: The ‘Umunna Psychotherapy’

    Psychotherapeutic Values of Igbo Healing Practices: The ‘Umunna Psychotherapy’

    Abstract

    It had been observed by some researchers that psychotherapy should include effective emotional
    healing activities of African traditional healers, religious faith healers, and African originated
    forms of psychotherapy. This has not been achieved. To this effect, this study investigated how the
    Igbo healing practices can be harnessed into psychotherapy interventions and techniques. The
    main argument here is that Igbo traditional healing practices both the cultural and religious,
    have definable psychotherapeutic values; hence, the need to provide some theoretical and
    practical bases for recognition and adaptation of these practices into general and specific forms
    of psychotherapy.
    The research adopted a qualitative approach based on key informant interview (KII) of
    four purposively selected native doctors, four spiritual kings and four clergy men: two Catholic
    priests and two Protestant pastors from a purposively selected local government area in Anambra
    State, Idemili North, in the Southeast Nigeria. Intensive structured interview method, where seven
    specific questions were used to elicit information as concerned both the spiritual and traditional
    ‘psychotherapeutic practices of the Igbo people’ was adopted. The information gathered were
    thematically analyzed based on the information of the participants, principles of Gestalt
    psychology and macro ethical categorizations, and the general Igbo philosophy and world-view,
    especially as express in idioms, names and proverbs; and in comparison to euro-western views of
    psychotherapy.
    The results revealed that ‘psychotherapy’ had been in existence in Igbo cultural traditions
    for a very long time; having diagnosis (includes listening, questioning, examinations,
    consultations, divination) and interventions (involves sacrifices and ikpu alu, among others) as its
    major procedural parts. It also revealed the Igbo Concept and Sources of Psychopathology, and
    Some Qualities that are Common to Most Igbo ‘Psychotherapists’. It also revealed that the most
    popular technique in use is the ‘Umunna’-centered technique. Cultural aptness, acceptability,
    affordability, availability, effectiveness, low cost, inclusivity, wholesome restoration, zero percent
    chance of relapse and adoptability were found as some major advantages of Umunna
    ‘psychotherapy’. It was also observed to provide high levels of psychological, spiritual and social
    supports for the clients, and these in turn, lead to high restoration of eudemonia within a
    calculated period, both of the client and his/her umunna. Though simple and unique, it covers a
    wide range of psychotherapeuticism. However, the issue of confidentiality is of no interest to the
    Umunna psychotherapy.
    Based on the values found, the study recommends Umunna ‘psychotherapy’ to all
    psychotherapists, both as a type and a technique, and both within and outside the Igbo cultural
    regions.

     

    Author:

    Innocent U.O. Ejiofo,

    Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

    Email: udobuchinno@yahoo.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Abstract

    Counseling and psychotherapy must be adapted to meet the developmental needs of children.
    It is generally held to be one part of an effective strategy for some purposes and not for
    others. In addition to therapy for the child, or even instead of it, children may benefit if their
    parents speak to a therapist, take parenting classes, attend grief counseling, or take other
    actions to resolve stressful situations that affect the child. Parent management training is a
    highly effective form of psychotherapy that teaches parents skills to reduce their child’s
    behavior problems.. Psychotherapy can be said to have been practiced through the ages.
    Historically, psychotherapy has sometimes meant “interpretative” (i.e. Freudian) methods,
    namely psychoanalysis, in contrast with other methods to treat psychiatric disorders such as
    behavior modification. Psychotherapy may be delivered in person, one on one or in groups,
    over the phone via telephone counseling, or via the internet. Psychotherapists may be mental
    health professionals, professionals from other backgrounds trained in a specific therapy, or
    in some cases non-professionals. Psychiatrists are first trained as physicians. One major aim
    of couselling is that it helps people identify problems and crises and encourages them to take
    positive steps to resolve these issues, as psychotherapy helps people with psychological
    problems that have built up over the course of a long period of time. Counselling and
    psychotherapy employ various techniques and strategies to resolve issues or behavioural
    problems. Therapy may address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday
    problems in managing or maintaining interpersonal relationships or meeting personal goals.
    A course of therapy may happen before, during or after pharmacotherapy (e.g. taking
    psychiatric medication).

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Counselling: Attitudes Toward Mental Health Seeking Services In Nigeria

    Psychotherapy And Counselling: Attitudes Toward Mental Health Seeking Services In Nigeria

    Abstract

    This paper explored the attitudes of Nigerians toward mental health seeking services with
    regards to the reality of psychotherapy and counseling in Nigeria. Some cultural variables
    that fuel the supposed neglect of the mental health issues in Nigeria were highlighted and
    way-forward offered. Culture and society tend to influence all spheres of life including
    mental health, mental illness, and mental health services. In view of this fact it becomes
    pertinent to develop mental health services that would be more acceptable to the culture and
    social environment where recipients are located. In addition, victims of mental health
    challenges are reassured to feel safe in the hands of counsellors and psychotherapists, as
    they passionately abhor stigmatization, social distancing and numerous cultural obnoxious
    treatments to individuals impacted by mental health disorders or illnesses in Nigeria.

     

    Authors: Catherine (Kate) N. Ekwe 1and Chijioke E. Ohuakanwa 2

    Department of Educational Foundations and Counselling Research Unit,

    Gender & Women Studies,

    Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.

    1E-mail: ekwekay@gmail.com

    2E-mail: chijiokeohuakanwa@gmail.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Effective Counseling In Social Casework Practice

    Psychotherapy And Effective Counseling In Social Casework Practice

    Abstract

    Counseling is a process in which the counselor assists the counselee to make interpretation
    of facts relating to a choice, plan, or adjustment. This assistance may take many forms such
    as educational, vocational, social, personal, emotional and moral. While psychotherapy is
    the treatment of mental illness by discussing somebody’s problems with them rather than
    giving them drugs. This paper attempts to look at how professional counseling should be
    done, the key difference between the two courses of therapeutic communication treatment
    and how do contemporary theories of counseling work with families’ adjustment and solving
    problem. The study was conducted using secondary method of data. The secondary sources
    used data from internet, newspapers and journal articles. The paper recommends the need
    for psychotherapy and counseling practice in Nigeria; for a long time, the problem of
    integration of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria may well be a problem which
    psychotherapy and counseling may help to solve.

    Authors: Martin Likeing1 and Adaka S.Sunday2

    Department of Sociology,

    Federal University Lafia, Nigeria.

    1Email: limatchat@yahoo.com

    2Email: sunnidaka@yahoo.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Private Practice: Why We Are Still Lagging Behind

    Psychotherapy And Private Practice: Why We Are Still Lagging Behind

    Abstract

    This paper focuses on the failure of psychotherapy in private practice, classifying the lapses
    in the practice resulting to the unimportance in the practice among Nigerian Clinical
    Psychologist. It also defines the practical roles of the Psychologist in enhancement of the
    practice. This paper relied on books and oral interviews as source of information in the
    course of development. It argued that no time is late that psychotherapeutic practice can be
    encouraged and sustained in Nigeria, outlining the steps in order to achieve this objectives.
    This paper will provide valuable information regarding learning, knowledge and answer the
    question which a lot of young Psychologist has been asking “is there a hope for us in this our
    profession”. Hence the findings will be useful in policy making, therapeutic purposes and
    bases for further research.

    Authors:

    Dozie Nwafor,

    Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

    dozie2001ng@yahoo.com

     

    Okoye Chukwuemeka, A. F.,

    Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

    drokoyecaf@ gmail.com, okoyecaf@unizik.edu.ng

     

    Okonkwo Ikechukwu C.

    Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

    okonkwoikechukwuc@gmail.com

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Rehabilitation Of Students With Behavioural Disorders In Nigeria

    Psychotherapy And Rehabilitation Of Students With Behavioural Disorders In Nigeria

    Absract

    Research into the myriad of factors that could promote mental well-being of young adults in
    the institution of higher learning would continue unabated as long as the subject matter,
    Risky behaviour remains potent to psychologists, mental health workers, and other
    significant care givers. This study evaluated the efficacy of psychotherapy and rehabilitation
    program in reducing behavioural disorders and risky lifestyle of Babcock University students
    returning from one year behavioural sanction. Eighty-Seven students (71.26% male and
    28.78% female) suspended for various violation/misconduct were asked to sign a behavioural
    contract with the consent of their parent/guardians and consequently, completed the
    Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 structured form (MMPI-2).About 75% of the
    students reported high T-score on emotional Internalizing Dysfunction EID, Thought
    Dysfunction THD, and Behavioural/External Dysfunction BXD. The students were assigned
    to two session psychotherapeutic treatment per week and three hours weekly group emotional
    competent training. At the end of the academic semester post-intervention, significant
    reduction on all measures as well as reduction in risky behaviour and high emotional
    intelligent were observed among the students. Overall, psychosocial support was found for
    the efficacy of the program. It is thus recommended that those working on young adults with
    behavioural disorders should seriously consider redemptive approach that is, psychotherapy,
    emotional fitness training and socio-spiritual reintegration.

    Nwaka, E. Promisen; Aniemeka, Onyeka O.;

    Adelakin, A.O; & Banjo, Oluwafikayomi O.

    Department of Behavioural Studies

    Redeemer’s University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

    Emails: promisenn@yahoo.com; aniemekaonyeka@gmail.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Religion

    Psychotherapy And Religion

    Abstract

    Religion and psychotherapy have long maintained separate directions, currently manifested
    in four viewpoints: orthodox, atheistic, neutralist, and moderate. Although each therapeutic
    viewpoint is distinct, each contains the seed for rapprochement. This article explores the
    prospects for therapeutic integration between religion and contemporary psychotherapy.
    There is a growing trend to seek alternative, complementary and religious healing not only
    as a reaction to Western theoretical postulations but also to the mindset of ‘‘faith’’. Religious
    therapy aims to establish harmony and balance within the individual through the interface of
    the mind and spirit. Through this process religious healing offers a holistic conceptualization
    of wellness and wellbeing, both within the individual, and between the individual and his or
    her creator. It has been observed that, Increasing numbers of ministers now receive
    professional preparation for pastoral therapy. The need for a rapprochement that provides
    professional psychotherapy capable of addressing religious issues is clearly voiced by
    laypersons, who are clients or potential clients, and by members of the clergy and
    psychotherapeutic professions. This paper proposes that It is timely for those in the
    psychotherapy professions to consider seriously specialized education and certification in
    religious therapy for secular psychotherapists.

    Author:

    Francis Bala Aku Akwash

    akwash03@yahoo.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy And Traditional Healing

    Psychotherapy And Traditional Healing

    Abstract

    Multicultural advocates within professional psychology routinely call for “culturally
    competent” counseling interventions. Such advocates frequently cite and celebrate
    traditional healing practices as an important resource for developing novel integrative forms
    of psychotherapy that are distinctively tailored for diverse populations. Despite this interest,
    substantive descriptions of specific forms of traditional healing vis-à-vis psychotherapy have
    appeared infrequently in the psychology literature. This article explores the prospects for
    therapeutic integration between traditional healing and contemporary psychotherapy. There
    is a growing trend to seek alternative, complementary and traditional healing not only as a
    reaction to Western biomedicine but also to the mindset of ‘‘talking heads’’ in
    psychotherapy. Traditional healing aims to restore harmony and balance within the
    individual through a symbiosis of the body, mind and spirit. Through this process traditional
    healing offers a holistic conceptualization of wellness and wellbeing, both within the
    individual, and between the individual and his or her environment. Comparative studies on
    alternative healing practices indicate that many patients/clients often see a mental health
    professional and a traditional healer concurrently. This paper considers the use of
    traditional healing alongside Western counselling psychology as a process of dual
    interventions for clients who engage traditional healing practices alongside psychotherapy.

    Authors:

    Francis Bala Aku Akwash

    akwash03@yahoo.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy in a Hospital

    Psychotherapy in a Hospital

    Abstract

    This paper examines the nature of Psychotherapy, determining its role in the hospital
    settings, and presents the case of the role of counseling intervention among discordant
    couples in NAUTH prep demonstration project. Four couples, who tested positive to HIV
    due to pre-wedding investigation (three females, one male,) and two others, a male and a
    female who tested positive following community HIV awareness, were followed for three
    months: March – June 2016. The objective was to access the behavioural changes of these
    clients in the process of enrolment to Prep. These clients were interviewed on four issues:
    their concerns about positive status, feeling of guilt and stigma, suicidal thoughts and what
    helped them to resolve their worries. One of the males was concerned about his health, three
    of the females were concerned about their marriages, and one male had no worry. All of
    them expressed feeling bad because of the stigmatization associated with the virus. Three of
    them had suicidal thoughts, but were reassured of hope after counseling. All said counseling
    helped them resolve their worries. Counseling /psychotherapy have been identified as sine
    qua non for patients on HAART to achieve effective viral suppression and act as immune
    boaster for patients on Positive Living.

    Author: Okpaleke Uche Victoria

    Department of Psychology

    Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus,

    ucheokpaleke1@yahoo.com 08136006928

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy In Nigeria

    Psychotherapy In Nigeria

    Abstract

    There is no exact word for psychotherapy in many Nigerian languages, numbering over 250.
    But equivalent words exist for expression such as counselling and cognitive behaviour
    therapy. The practice of these arts predated the advent of the Europeans. When modern
    psychology arrived in our shores, we naturally adopted the Euro-American models of
    psychotherapy. All that makes psychotherapy necessary can be found in our country: trauma
    due to child abuse, and neglect, abuse of human dignity, tribal wars, political conflict,
    poverty, migration and stress-provoking lifestyles, among others. The Aro village system
    developed by Lambo is an attestation to the usefulness of some of our native approaches and
    to the efficacy of social support that is inherent in the African traditional system. The
    introduction of a bilingual group psychotherapy at Aro in the early 1990 was a natural
    follow-up to this development. Group therapy is the most popular form of psychotherapy as it
    is practised in most teaching hospitals and psychiatric establishments. Meseron therapy and
    harmony restoration therapy are the two foremost indigenous approaches to psychotherapy
    in Nigeria. Meseron therapy is cognitive-behavioural in orientation while harmony
    restoration therapy is existential-phenomenological. Other therapies commonly taught and
    practised include: Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy; Cognitive Behaviour Therapy;
    Behaviour Therapy; The Psychodynamic Therapies, etc. Modern psychotherapy services are
    available in private clinics/consultations, schools, hospitals and medical centres. The
    services are offered by a wide variety of professionals ranging from clinical psychologists
    and psychiatrist, to social workers, nurses and pastors. At present, focused training in
    psychotherapy is inadequate, in spite of the efforts by the universities and the Nigerian
    Association of Clinical Psychologists. This is an important lacuna that the School of
    Psychotherapy and Health Sciences, Okija, has come to fill.

     

    Alfred Awaritefe

    Department of Mental Health, School of Medicine,

    College of Medical Sciences,

    University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

    Email: alfawa2000@gmail.com

     

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy In The Nigerian Armed Forces: Promoting Resilience Among Military Personnel And Their Families

    Psychotherapy In The Nigerian Armed Forces: Promoting Resilience Among Military Personnel And Their Families

    Abstract

    The Nigerian Armed Forces involved in military operations against Boko Haram insurgency
    and terrorism in the North East, Nigeria have not developed formalized strategies aimed at
    promoting the mental health and well-being of its personnel and their families.
    Unfortunately, protracted exposure to insurgency attacks and the military counter actions
    undertaken to contain these attacks have placed great stresses on the military personnel and
    their families who have already been challenged by the frequent deployments and absences
    of their spouses from home. These stresses are often presented in the form of social and
    emotional problems amongst children at home and in school. The wives of service personnel
    on the other hand are most vulnerable to depression and other psychological consequences
    of insurgency attacks as they take on more family responsibilities due to the death or
    physical and psychological incapacitation of their husbands. The personnel on their part
    face other physical and mental health issues such as traumatic experiences, physical injuries,
    depression, aggression, etc. Despite all these issues, the Nigerian Armed Forces have not put
    in place measures to ensure the provision of psychotherapeutic treatment thereby building
    and strengthening resilience for the personnel and their families. Psychotherapeutic
    interventions which concentrate on changing the ideologies of individuals, helping them
    resolve psychological issues and rehabilitation will ensure sound mental health and wellbeing
    for the military personnel and their families. It is in this regard that the study examined
    psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces for the purpose of developing resilience
    strategies among military personnel and their families

    Author:

    Philemon A. Agashua,

    Department of Psychology,

    Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna

    philagash@gmail.com

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy Training In Africa South Of Sahara

    Psychotherapy Training In Africa South Of Sahara

    Abstract

    The scarcity of properly trained psychotherapists in Africa south of Sahara on the one
    hand, and the increasing incidence of emotional problems resulting from poverty and
    underdevelopment, child abuse and neglect, trauma resulting from different forms of
    crime and abuse of human dignity, insecurity problems like terrorism, insurgency,
    kidnapping and hijacking, increasing stress-provoking lifestyles, tribal and national wars
    and conflicts, westernization and globalisation, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, different
    forms of cancer, and all sorts of abuse of human dignity on the other hand, call for
    urgent need for establishment of institutions for formal psychotherapy training in Africa.
    This paper highlights not only the above lacuna but also describes the important aspects
    of psychotherapy training in the Western world. It went further to describe current efforts
    being made (with Nigeria as an example) to establish a world-class tertiary institution,
    the School of Psychotherapy and Health Sciences (SPHS), which takes it lead from
    modern psychotherapy training programmes in Austria. The SPHS in Nigeria is affiliated
    to Sigmund Freud University, Vienna, Austria. Students from SPHS are trained by
    qualified staff from Nigeria and from Austria, and they are properly equipped with
    psychotherapeutic skills that will enable them to address the emotional problems of
    Africans, in which ever work-setting they find themselves. They are also registerable with
    the World Council for Psychotherapy and with other psychotherapy organisations worldwide.

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy Training in Nigeria

    Psychotherapy Training in Nigeria

    The scarcity of properly trained psychotherapists in Nigeria, on the one hand, and the increasing incidence of emotional problems resulting from poverty and underdevelopment, child abuse and neglect, trauma resulting from different forms of crime and abuse of human dignity, insecurity problems like terrorism, insurgency, kidnapping and hijacking, increasing stress-provoking lifestyles, tribal and national wars and conflicts, westernization and globalisation, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, different forms of cancer, and all sorts of abuse of human dignity on the other hand, call for urgent need for establishment of institutions for formal psychotherapy training in Nigeria. This paper highlights not only the above lacuna but also describes the important aspects of psychotherapy training in the Western world. It went further to describe current efforts being made in Nigeria to establish a world-class tertiary institution, the School of Psychotherapy and Health Sciences (SPHS), which takes it lead from modern psychotherapy training programmes in Austria.

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Psychotherapy, Insurgency And Insecurity In The North-Eastern Region Of Nigeria

    Psychotherapy, Insurgency And Insecurity In The North-Eastern Region Of Nigeria

    Abstract

    The Boko Haram insurgency has lately introduced a terrorist dimension into the crime space in Nigeria. The trademarks of the Boko Haram are wanton destruction of lives and property with reckless abandon, through bombings, abduction and slaughtering of human beings like rams, especially in Northern Nigeria. This has created palpable fear and sense of insecurity in the polity. It is a fact that the development of any country in the world is dependent on many factors, which may fast-track or retards its growth, among which security is central. Security of lives and property plays a major role in the development of any country, as investors in any economy want to be assured of the safety of their investments. The Boko Haram attacks have led to the direct exposure of children to unimaginable violence; horrors, bombing, killings, hardship, kidnapping, diseases, and family displacement. The general objective of this study is to examine the psychotherapy, insurgency and insecurity in Nigeria. This study employs qualitative research method in which analytic approach was used to address the research questions raised. The phenomenon of insurgency in Nigeria which subsequently led to the mass population displacement in the country is no doubt unconnected to the fragile nature of state and state institutions. Theoretically, it is proven in this paper that fragile nature of Nigerian state which failed to carry out its constitutional responsibilities of providing security and welfare to citizens was largely responsible for insurgency. Special rehabilitation and trauma centres should be established, especially for women and children who have had horrible experiences during the insurgency period. Traumaexposed individuals should be given special psychological debriefing treatment to prevent and contain possible post-traumatic stress and disorder (PSTD).Porous border controls should be intensified with intelligence gathering technologies in order to halt weapons and track illegal border movements and obscured border to halt weapons and track illegal border movements and obscured border crossings through collaborative efforts of regional border security personnel.

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Reducing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Internally Displaced Nigerian Adolescents

    Reducing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Internally Displaced Nigerian Adolescents

    Abstract

    This study investigated the impact of internal displacement on Post Truamatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adolescents, with a view to reducing the incidence of PTSD among victims. 283 participants of both male and female adolescents were used for the study. Data were collected by the aid of PTSD K-scale. In-depth interview as well as focused group discussion was also adopted. Result showed a significant 3- way interaction between internal displacement, age and gender in trauma symptomatology (F (1,275) =3.87, P=.05); internally displaced adolescents showed higher mean than non-displaced ones, internally displaced female adolescents exhibited more trauma than the internally displaced males; older displaced female adolescents had the highest mean trauma symptomatology of 31.35, while older displaced male adolescents had the lowest trauma symptomatology score of 27.93. Recommendation was given based on the findings.

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Religiosity, And Social Mal-Adjustment As Correlates Of Assertiveness Competence Among Undergraduates

    Religiosity, And Social Mal-Adjustment As Correlates Of Assertiveness Competence Among Undergraduates

    Abstract

    Most Nigerian students have the problem of standing up for their right especially in a social
    situation. This affects their ability to dialogue, press, influence, and impose their opinion to
    the acceptance of others. Unassertiveness may sometimes predict mal-adaptive behaviour
    which is usually seen in people with low self-esteem and this may significantly affect one’s
    religiosity. As a result and in consideration of the importance of religious life of young
    people and its relationship with social mal-adjustment, this study explored religiosity and
    social mal-adjustment as correlates of assertiveness competence among undergraduate. 432
    student-participants comprising of 191 males and 242 females were used for the respondents
    of the study with the participants’ age ranging from 17 to 25 years on a mean age of 22.60
    years and standard deviation of 2.12. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study
    and data was collected with the aid of assertiveness competence scale from Dating and
    assertiveness questionnaire (DAQ) by Levenson and Gottman (1978), religious affiliation
    scale by Omoluabi (1995)and social mal-adjustment scale by social mal-adjustment scale
    (SMS) by Wiggins (1966).The result of the analysis confirmed that religiosity and maladjustment
    correlated positively and negatively respectively; whereas religiosity and maladjustment
    correlated negatively among Nigeria students. It is recommended that all agents
    of socialization notably; the family, the school and church should emphasize more on the
    usefulness of deepening assertiveness training in secondary schools so as to improve on their
    resolve to get better when they get over to the university.

    Authors: Ike, P.R.1; Etodike, C.E2; & Edwards, L.N

    1Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka,  Anambra State

    E-mail: nelsonetodike@gmail.com,

     

    2Department of Psychology, Federal University Ndufu-Alaike Ikwo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

    E-mail: preciousike45@gmail.com, and

     

    3Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences

    Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, PMB 5025, Awka Anambra State

    E-mail: ndidiedwards@gmail.com,

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Response of Substance Use Patients To Insight Oriented Therapy At Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro, Abeokuta

    Response of Substance Use Patients To Insight Oriented Therapy At Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro, Abeokuta

    Abstract

    Psychotherapy for mental health treatment can be a very effective means for helping
    individuals to overcome behavioral and mental health issues that have caused them distress.
    Insight-oriented psychotherapy is an approach to mental health counseling with a focus on
    helping clients to understand their own inner workings and motivations. With this therapeutic
    techniques, the therapist encourages clients to examine their past relationships and the ways
    in which these dynamics have shaped their present The primary goals of treatment are to
    enhance and sustain patient motivation for change, establish and maintain abstinence from
    all psychoactive drugs, and foster development of (nonchemical) coping and problem solving
    skills to prevent and ultimately eliminate impulses to “self-medicate” with psychoactive
    drugs. The approach has shown to work well with issues such as substance abuse. This paper
    present the effectiveness of Insight Oriented Therapy in the management of substance use.
    Three substance use patient with hallucination, delusion and aimless wandering as
    presenting complain were exposed to Insight Oriented Therapy. This psychotherapeutic
    technique was employed after the patients exposure to chemotherapy. Patients responded
    positively after four sessions of two hours each for a period of two weeks. Authors
    recommend Insight Oriented Therapy as psychotherapy of option with management of
    substance use patient.

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Speech and Language Therapy Publications: Are They Adequate?

    Speech and Language Therapy Publications: Are They Adequate?

    Abstract

    Scientific publications in the area of speech and language therapy are meant to communicate
    to the scientific and practice community and policy-makers new developments (in theories,
    research and practice). Where there is a dearth of publication, teaching, research, and policy
    development in the field of study suffer. The aim of this paper is to find out whether
    publications in the area of speech and language therapy are adequate. A computer-aided
    electronic search was made using Ebscohost database. Scientific articles published within
    2011 and 2016 in the area of speech and language therapy were sought in three
    representative developed as well as three developing countries. Results show that
    publications in the area of speech and language therapy are not adequate. It is therefore
    recommended that speech and language therapists should endeavour to not only practice but
    also spare time for publications of their experiences for proper teaching, research and policy
    making.

    Author: Bridget Ngozi Madu

    Department of English, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University,

    Igbariam Campus, Nigeria

    Email: madubridget@gmail.com

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Speech and Language Therapy Techniques Reported from Developing and Developed Countries

    Speech and Language Therapy Techniques Reported from Developing and Developed Countries

     

    Abstract
    Speech and language therapy publications are meant to communicate to the scientific and
    practice community as well as policy-makers new developments (in theories, research and
    practice). The aim of this paper is to find out the speech and language therapy techniques
    used in the developed and developing worlds. The information will throw light on the kinds of
    techniques used and advice on future development in the area. A computer-aided electronic
    search was made using Ebscohost database. Scientific articles published within 2011 and
    2016 in the area of speech and language therapy were sought in three representative
    developed as well as three developing countries. Results show that from the publications
    from the developing countries, it is apparent that those dealing with the speech and language
    problems are more occupied with issues of assessment than with therapy. In the developed
    countries, they are concerned with therapy techniques that will suit their present realities
    (and not just assessment alone). It is therefore recommended that those dealing with speech
    and language problems in the developing countries should be properly trained in the art of
    speech-language therapy.

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Application of Psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces

    The Application of Psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces

    Abstract

    The military personnel whose duty is to undertake operational duties are often exposed to trauma and stress; and some develop psychological distress as a result. The burden of mental health distress related to military occupational life is substantial as some military personnel and families flourish while others are not able to cope. Overtime, deployed military personnel and families become psychologically dysfunctional as a result of trauma and acute stress syndrome which result to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety and emotional burn-out. Although, little attempt has been made to assess and meet the mental health needs of the military community holistically. This negligence is costly considering that the psychological health of the military family has been found to be directly related to the readiness, well-being and retention of service members. More so, the impact of negative attachment reactions on the cognitive development of children as a result of separations related to military deployment and postings have been observed. But at the moment, the government and NGO’s have focused mainly on the physical welfare needs of the wounded military personnel only, while the mental wellbeing of their families who are victims of counter-insurgency operations have been overlooked. The study therefore examined the application of psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces. The researchers also discussed common psychotherapeutic techniques relevant to the treatment of military personnel and families with the need to adopt a preventive approach to mental health promotion.

    Authors: Philemon A. Agashua, Jonathan I. Ugese, Funke T. Olofin

    Department of Psychology Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna

    Email: philagash@gmail.com Mobile number: +23408057972305

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Challenges and Compromises of Culture-Centered Therapy: Nigerian Evidence

    The Challenges and Compromises of Culture-Centered Therapy: Nigerian Evidence

    Abstract

    Ideally therapeutic processes ought to be context-bound; therefore culture plays vital role in setting the status quo for the interaction between the therapist and the client. It is against this background that this paper examines the challenges and compromises of culture-centered therapy in Africa (Nigeria), particularly as the scheme of work and curriculum for teaching psychology (and all other related areas of study), seems to omit cultural orientation to some extent. Correspondingly, National Universities Commission (NUC) benchmark is used as unit of analysis to portray the seemingly lack of culture-centered therapy in higher education in Nigeria. Supportively, narratives from focus group discussion with students are presented to intensify the lack of inclusion of culture-centered curriculum. As a result, the paper advocates for methodological and clinical integration of cultural perspective (indigenous knowledge system) into higher education’s teaching of psychology otherwise the noble idea of culture-centered therapy would continue to be an illusion. Hence, the African therapist to say the least would be irrelevant in his/her cultural milieu and to the clients who may urgently need culture-bound therapy as means of maintaining mental health and sustainable development.

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) in the Management of Stress in Military Personnel

    The Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) in the Management of Stress in Military Personnel

    3

    This study examines the efficacy (effectiveness) of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy
    (REBT) in the management of stress in military personnel. Forty Five (45) out of Sixty (60)
    military personnel drawn from Army, Navy, and Air Force who obtained high scores on SCL-
    90 and MSI were randomly placed into experimental, placebo, and control groups consisting
    of 15 participants each. The pretreatment scores of the three groups were taken. The
    experimental group received 10 REBT sessions, the placebo group had 10 sessions but only
    discussed professionalization in the Nigerian military. The control group received no
    treatment. The results showed that pos-treatment scores of the experimental group were
    lower than their pretreatment scores as that of the placebo and control groups. Using
    ANOVA to determine the significant difference in the three groups, it was found that the
    experimental group showed significant differences in all 11 measures. The results were
    discussed in terms of the efficacy of REBT in the management of stress in military personnel.

    Author: Damian D. Osa-Afiana

    Department of Psychology

    Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Place Of Listening In Psychotherapy Text Of Keynote Speech

    The Place Of Listening In Psychotherapy Text Of Keynote Speech

    Abstract

    The article conceptualized listening, giving the various types of listening as well as
    Listening Styles. The many adversaries to listening or listening bugs. Then the methods of
    debugging oneself are presented. Finally how to debug oneself is presented for effective
    Psychotherapy.

     

    Author:

    Josiah A. Shindi

    Department of Psychology,

    Benue State University, Nigeria

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Relevance Of Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (ACT) In The Treatment Of Emotional Numbing Among The Adolescents: A Narrative Review

    The Relevance Of Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (ACT) In The Treatment Of Emotional Numbing Among The Adolescents: A Narrative Review

    Abstract

    The issue of emotional numbing is a serious emotional challenge among the adolescents
    and which is greatly impacting on them negatively and sometimes goes unnoticed until
    the damage is done. The study explored the concept of emotional numbing, its symptoms
    and the causes for a clear understanding of the phenomenon. It also examined the
    Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT), its core processes as a suitable therapeutic
    property to resolve the emotional problem of the adolescents who go through such pain.
    The ACT is a process and mindfulness model which promotes psychological flexibility
    through fostering openness, awareness and engagement as illustrated in its six core
    processes. It was observed that the ACT promotes emotional awareness through the
    functions of the six core processes of the ACT model and as a result, could be adopted to
    manage the challenges of emotional numbing among the adolescents. The researchers
    therefore recommend that the therapists identify such adolescents in the schools and
    address their issues with the ACT model.

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Use Of African Proverbs To Motivate Clients In Meseron Therapy

    The Use Of African Proverbs To Motivate Clients In Meseron Therapy

    Abstract

    African proverbs use metaphors for practical living and for dissemination of wisdom
    intricately woven in conversations to accomplish acts which cannot be realized by ordinary
    words. Believed as handed down from the ancestors African proverbs are highly esteemed.
    Meseron therapy draws on African belief in the potency of the spoken words, affirming that
    people have psychological problems because of faulty speaking. That what we say or what is
    said about us affects our thought and behaviour. To correct the psychopathology, Meseron
    theorizes “saying it right” (rejecting wrong unwholesome words) taking covert actions at the
    level of thought and overt actions in form of words and deeds. To motivate clients Meseron
    therapists can incorporate some salient attributes of African proverbs such as their
    embedded expression of conventional truth which clients easily identify with without doubt
    when used by therapists, their brevity and easy to remember and understand nature which
    can influence clients perceptive capacity, appeal to their reasoning, and make them see self
    defeatist words as abnormal and pathological. Qualities such as availability, strong tool of
    persuasion, having a base of practical experience, common sense, intellectual richness worth
    listening to and obeying, make African proverbs a veritable tool in Meseron approach.

    0.00
  • Sale!

    The Usefulness Of The Core Qualities Of A Client-Centered Psychotherapist To African Clients

    The Usefulness Of The Core Qualities Of A Client-Centered Psychotherapist To African Clients

    Abstract

    Knowing that the client-centered Psychotherapy was developed by Carl Rogers in the United States of America in the 1940s and 1950s, and is widely practiced in Europe and America, the usefulness of this form of therapy to the African clients is yet to be documented. Therefore, this is an inquiry into the usefulness of the core qualities of a client-centered psychotherapist for an African client. The three core qualities are: genuineness, unconditional positive regard and empathy. The authors reviewed literature on the core qualities, and based on their long-time psychotherapeutic experience and practice with black African clients, make assertions on the usefulness of the core qualities. The authors assert that the core qualities are very useful to the majority of the black African clients.  They spore the clients to be genuine to themselves, unconditionally prizing of themselves, and be disposed to navigate deeper into sensitive areas of their life experiences, for insight into the source or true cause of their distress, therefore leading to independent decision-making about the best life course for them to chat. The practice of client-centered psychotherapy is therefore recommended for black African clients.

     

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Trajectory of Psychotherapy In Africa

    Trajectory of Psychotherapy In Africa

    Abstract

    This paper examines trajectory of psychotherapy in Africa. It touches on the meaning of psychotherapy, types, as well as goals and relevance of psychotherapy. The key factors is with greater emphasis in psychotherapy where in Africa certain set-backs and challenges have been heavily represented with terrorism leading to posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) from kidnapping down to Boko-Harram and Fulani herdsmen violence that undermine security and national development. Sequel to this, economic recession and anxiety of the mass is another cancerous triggered to corruption which clinicians identify today as a major set-back in African socioeconomic and political development. Other issues facing the clinicians and students of psychotherapy with the service users are lack of keeping clinical records for data purposes, problems of referrals, poor accessibility to clinical resources and team relationships. The objective of this paper is to discuss in-depths these African issues and a way of advancing psychotherapy in Africa to a lofty heights. Proffering solutions could be identify through extensive training, entrepreneurship model, and also using continuation of professional development (CPD) to generate learning from the existing challenges in Africa through conferences, seminars and workshops. Unfortunately some clinicians in the society lack the zeal of pursuing CPD model of knowledge and experience as they find it difficult not only to engage with others but to come together and work as a team. Training is always a major reflection in working relationship in group practice to make relevance the dynamism required of psychotherapy. Importantly, using working groups formula (WDEP) that is focused in African way on client centred approach will serve as another panacea aimed at understanding clients (patients) in the group processes, while taken cognisance people’s real life situations, to guard against some risks that may jeopardize group in psychotherapy. It is therefore recommended that those practising psychotherapy in African setting should bear in mind the relevance of clinical practice as evidence based and good quality of care in the art of psychotherapy.

    0.00
  • Sale!

    Trauma Counseling For Adolescent Victims Of Insurgency And Insecurity In Southern Kaduna

    Trauma Counseling For Adolescent Victims Of Insurgency And Insecurity In Southern Kaduna

    Abstract

    The spate of insurgency and insecurity in southern Kaduna is alarming and imposing a serious trauma on the populace especially on the adolescents.  This is a topical issue that has implication for counselling and psychotherapy. The study therefore investigated the instigators of trauma; the level of trauma among the adolescents and its effect on their academics. It also tried to ameliorate the effect of the trauma using the ABC model of the Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) with the aim to gain behaviour change for the activating events of the trauma among the adolescents. A cross-section survey research design was adopted for the study with a sample of 148 adolescents from Kajuru LGA. Three research questions guided the study. A 25 item research questionnaire constructed by the researchers was employed to collect data for the survey study. The questionnaire consisted of four sections, two sections rated on the modified 4 point Likert scale. The data obtained from the respondents were analyzed with frequency counts and percentages. The Findings indicated the major trauma instigators, high level of trauma at 77.7% among the adolescents and the effect has a high percentage of more than 70%. Cognitive Behavioural therapy was delineated to challenge their irrational thoughts and fears. Based on the findings, we recommended that more trained counsellor should be employed in the area to work on the adolescents towards their emotional development.

     

    0.00