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    Personality Trait, Drug use and Abuse as Predictors of Suicidal Intention Among Youths: A Focus for Psychotherapy

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    Personality Trait, Drug use and Abuse as Predictors of Suicidal Intention Among Youths: A Focus for Psychotherapy

    Abstract

    The rate at which youths commit suicide and the number who attempt suicide is on the increase every day. Every suicide is a tragedy that affects families, communities and entire countries and has long-lasting effects on the people left behind. This study investigates Personality Trait and Drug use and Abuse as predictors of suicidal ideation among adolescents in Makurdi Metropolis in Benue State, Nigeria, and makes suggestions for effective psychotherapeutic treatment of suicidal ideation among the youth. The study employed survey research design where 325 participants were randomly drawn from Makurdi Metropolis in Benue State through Stratified, Convenience and Simple Random Sampling Methods. Personality Trait Scale, Drug use and Abuse Scale, Bio data and Suicidal Ideation Scale were used for data collection.
    Three hypotheses were tested using multiple regression and simple regression analyses. The result revealed a positive relationship between Personality Trait and suicidal intention among adolescents. Drug use and Abuse also shows significant influence on suicidal intention among the youths. There was a significant interactive influence of Personality Trait and Drug use and Abuse on suicide ideations among the adolescents.

    Based on these findings, it was concluded that Personality Trait and Drug use and Abuse are predictors of suicidal ideation among youths in Makurdi Metropolis in Benue State, Nigeria. It is recommended that understanding personality traits of youths, type of substance used and abused can further help Clinicians during psychotherapeutic sessions with youths in solving problems of suicidal ideation. Parents and caregivers
    should be enlightened on the behavioral and attitudinal signs to watch out for when their
    wards are abusing drugs and also the danger of the use and abuse of drugs.

     

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    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Abstract

    Counseling and psychotherapy must be adapted to meet the developmental needs of children.
    It is generally held to be one part of an effective strategy for some purposes and not for
    others. In addition to therapy for the child, or even instead of it, children may benefit if their
    parents speak to a therapist, take parenting classes, attend grief counseling, or take other
    actions to resolve stressful situations that affect the child. Parent management training is a
    highly effective form of psychotherapy that teaches parents skills to reduce their child’s
    behavior problems.. Psychotherapy can be said to have been practiced through the ages.
    Historically, psychotherapy has sometimes meant “interpretative” (i.e. Freudian) methods,
    namely psychoanalysis, in contrast with other methods to treat psychiatric disorders such as
    behavior modification. Psychotherapy may be delivered in person, one on one or in groups,
    over the phone via telephone counseling, or via the internet. Psychotherapists may be mental
    health professionals, professionals from other backgrounds trained in a specific therapy, or
    in some cases non-professionals. Psychiatrists are first trained as physicians. One major aim
    of couselling is that it helps people identify problems and crises and encourages them to take
    positive steps to resolve these issues, as psychotherapy helps people with psychological
    problems that have built up over the course of a long period of time. Counselling and
    psychotherapy employ various techniques and strategies to resolve issues or behavioural
    problems. Therapy may address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday
    problems in managing or maintaining interpersonal relationships or meeting personal goals.
    A course of therapy may happen before, during or after pharmacotherapy (e.g. taking
    psychiatric medication).

     

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