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    Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

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    Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

    Abstract

    Unassertiveness is a mal-adaptive behaviour which is usually seen in people with low selfesteem.
    It affects the ability of individuals to express their opinions, interests and needs
    openly, directly and honestly in matters that concern them, including standing up for their
    rights without violating the rights of others. It may also affect academic performance. Based
    on the above, this study examined assertiveness training and its effects on self-esteem and
    academic performance among S.S.3 students in selected secondary schools in rural areas of
    Anambra State. 108 student-participants comprising of 39 males and 69 females were
    subjects for the study. The participants’ age ranged from 15 to 19 years with a mean age of
    16.24 years and standard deviation of 1.10. Two hypotheses were formulated and data was
    collected with the aid of 25-item self-esteem questionnaire by Hudson (1982) and test scores.
    The participants were divided into two groups; the experimental group and the control
    group. After statistical analysis of the data, findings revealed that assertiveness training
    enhanced the self-esteem score of the experimental group whereas no significant changes
    were observed in that of the control group. Also, there were significant changes in the
    academic performance between the two groups. It is therefore recommended that government
    should through the intervention of the education board enhance the current curriculum to
    include practical assertiveness training among all the SS class students in order to improve
    on their self-esteem which has a positive implication for improved academic performance.

    Etodike, C.E1; Ike, P.R.2 & Chukwura, E.N.3

    1Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka,  Anambra State

    E-mail: nelsonetodike@gmail.com,,

     

    2Department of Psychology, Federal University Ndufu-Alaike Ikwo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

    E-mail: preciousike45@gmail.com, and

     

    3 Department of Education Psychology, Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe, Anambra State

    E-mail: chukwura30@yahoo.com

     

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    Integration Of Spirituality Into Psychotherapy – A Potential Model For Nigeria

    Integration Of Spirituality Into Psychotherapy – A Potential Model For Nigeria

    Abstract

    Although Sigmund Freud, reputed to be the father of psychoanalysis was not favourably disposed to religion, recent developments indicate that interest in religion and mental health and psychotherapy has grown. Most clients that come to psychotherapy are likely to have a religious orientation and will benefit from integrating spirituality into therapy. Psychotherapists need to learn the techniques and skills of how this integration can best be achieved especially in Nigeria where religion is a very sensitive issue.

     

     

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    Peer Influence, Rank And Self-Esteem: A Predictive Of Psychotherapeutic View Of Hostile Behaviour Among Police Personnel In Awka City

    Peer Influence, Rank And Self-Esteem: A Predictive Of Psychotherapeutic View Of Hostile Behaviour Among Police Personnel In Awka City

    Abstract

    The study examined peer influence, rank and self-esteem as predictors of psychotherapeutic view of hostile behavior among police personnel working in Awka City. A total number of two hundred and twenty-two (222) police personnel served as participant for the study. They were selected using a non probability convenient random sampling. They consisted of 96 males and 126 female. Their age ranged from 22-51 years with mean age was 34.87 and standard deviation of 7.0. Instruments use to generate data for the study were; Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire by Buss-Perry (1992), Index of Peer Relation (IPR) by Hudson (1982), Validated by Anumba (1995) and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem (RSE) scale (1965). Multiple Linear Regression Statistics were used to analyze the data. Three hypotheses were tested. The result revealed that hypothesis one which state that peer influence will predict hostility behavior was accepted at f (β=.16, t = 2.5, p< .01), hypothesis two which state that rank will significantly predict hostility behavior was accepted at f (β=.26, t =3.9, p<.01), while hypothesis three which state that self-esteem will significantly predict hostility behavior was also accepted at f (β= -.16, t = -3.31, p< .01). Based on the findings, conclusion were made and implication of the study was also stated.

    Key words: Peer Influence, Rank, Self-Esteem, Psychotherapy, Hostile Behavior, Police Personnel.

     

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    Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Trafficked Victims, Role Of Self-Esteem, Demographic Factors And Relevance Of Psychotherapy

    Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Trafficked Victims, Role Of Self-Esteem, Demographic Factors And Relevance Of Psychotherapy

    Abstract

    Objective: Experiences of traumatic exposure of trafficked victims keep tormenting them after they are rescued. Trafficked victims at rehabilitation centers of National Agency for Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP) at Southern Zones have been found to present with posttraumatic stress disorder. This finding made it necessary that improving their mental health should include efforts to identify factors likely to predispose, maintain, or perpetuate PTSD presentation among trafficked victims. Current study thereby examined posttraumatic stress disorder among trafficked
    victims: the role of self-esteem and demographic factors.

    Method: 55 participants
    selected through total population sampling technique from the rehabilitation centers of NAPTIP in their South-East, South-South, and South-West zonal offices, participated. Their age ranged between 14 to 25 years, with a mean age of 19.89 and a standard deviation of 2.87. The instruments administered on them were Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Keane Scale (PKS) (Keane, Malloy & Fairbanks, 1984) and Index of Self –Esteem (ISE) (Hudson, 1982). Mental State Examination of some of the clients was also done. The study used ex-post-facto design and Independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses.

    Result: This revealed that hypotheses two to seven on demographic factors were rejected. It also showed that only hypothesis one on self-esteem was accepted, t(53)=-3.26, p <.05. Conclusion:

    The relevance of psychotherapy will establish the linkage through trafficked victims at rehabilitation centers of NAPTIP in her zonal offices in the southern parts of Nigeria, and determine self-esteem factor likely to
    influence PTSD presentation.

     

     

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