Showing 1–35 of 52 results

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    Adolescents Sexual Activities And Pornography

    Adolescents Sexual Activities And Pornography

    Abstract

    This paper explores the relationship between pornography and adolescents sexual activities. Adolescents due to lack of emotional quotient are usually predisposed to varieties of sexual disorder by watching pornography. This has health related implications for them, their parents and the society, hence the need for scientific enquiry targeted at its control.

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    Alleviating Violence, Traumatic Experience And Illicit Drugs Use Using Psychotherapeutic Model: A Case Study Of Youth In Awka Urban

    Alleviating Violence, Traumatic Experience And Illicit Drugs Use Using Psychotherapeutic Model: A Case Study Of Youth In Awka Urban

    Abstract

    The study examined alleviating violence, traumatic experience and illicit drugs use using psychotherapeutic model: a case study of youth in Awka urban. A total number of two hundred and forty-one (241) youth in Awka urban; served as participant for the study. The study utilized non-probability (convenient sampling technique). Their age ranged from 18-32 years and their mean age was 23.20 with standard deviation of 4.07. Substance Craving Scale developed by Mazza (2004), Dating Violence Questionnaire-Reverse (DVQ-R) by Rodríguez-Franco et al., (2010) and Impact of Event Scale by Horowitz, Wilner and Ilvarez (1979) were employed for data generation. The study adopted correlational design and Pearson Product Moment Correction Coefficient as appropriate statistics for analyses of the data. Two hypotheses were tested. Thus, hypothesis one which states that violence will significantly correlate with illicit drug among youth in Awka Urban were partly accepted, because sexual and physical violence correlate with illicit drugs, while detachment, humiliation and coercion violence did not correlate with illicit drugs. Hypothesis two which states that trauma will significantly correlate with illicit drug among youth in Awka Urban was accepted. Based on the findings, study concludes by detailing recommendations and psychotherapeutic intervention model for the study.

  • Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

    Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

    Abstract

    Unassertiveness is a mal-adaptive behaviour which is usually seen in people with low selfesteem.
    It affects the ability of individuals to express their opinions, interests and needs
    openly, directly and honestly in matters that concern them, including standing up for their
    rights without violating the rights of others. It may also affect academic performance. Based
    on the above, this study examined assertiveness training and its effects on self-esteem and
    academic performance among S.S.3 students in selected secondary schools in rural areas of
    Anambra State. 108 student-participants comprising of 39 males and 69 females were
    subjects for the study. The participants’ age ranged from 15 to 19 years with a mean age of
    16.24 years and standard deviation of 1.10. Two hypotheses were formulated and data was
    collected with the aid of 25-item self-esteem questionnaire by Hudson (1982) and test scores.
    The participants were divided into two groups; the experimental group and the control
    group. After statistical analysis of the data, findings revealed that assertiveness training
    enhanced the self-esteem score of the experimental group whereas no significant changes
    were observed in that of the control group. Also, there were significant changes in the
    academic performance between the two groups. It is therefore recommended that government
    should through the intervention of the education board enhance the current curriculum to
    include practical assertiveness training among all the SS class students in order to improve
    on their self-esteem which has a positive implication for improved academic performance.

  • Challenges Of African Traditional Healing System: Implication For The Development Of Indigenous Psychotherapy

    Challenges Of African Traditional Healing System: Implication For The Development Of Indigenous Psychotherapy

    Abstract

    Traditional medicine is the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories,
    beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as
    well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illnesses. This paper
    explores the challenges of African traditional healing system and the implications for the
    development of indigenous psychotherapy. Previous studies show that about 80% of the
    population in Asian, African and some developed countries depend on traditional medicine
    for primary health care. Rate of acceptability, use, confidence in and efficacy of traditional
    healing system is increasing in Nigeria. Some indigenous traditional healing methods include
    herbalism, therapeutic dieting, and hydrotherapy and spirituality (divination). Notable
    challenges include international diversity, national policy and regulation, perceived safety,
    effectiveness and quality, knowledge and sustainability, patient safety and use. This study
    recommends that more research be carried out on African traditional healing, that the
    religious and metaphysical elements be separated from the physical matter, commitment of
    more resources to test and promote the use of safe and efficacious traditional medicines,
    practicing traditional healers should adhere to standardized norms and qualifications. There
    is need for speedy passing of the traditional health practitioners’ bill.

  • Charging/Billing In Psychotherapy In Nigeria

    Charging/Billing In Psychotherapy In Nigeria

    Abstract

    Unlike medical, legal, building and other professionals where billing has over the years been
    settled and practitioners and experts simply charge their clients based on laid down
    traditions, billing or charging in Psychotherapy is still seemingly a controversial issue
    among practicing clinical psychologists and psychotherapists in Nigeria. Presently billing is
    influenced by the nature of clients’ presentations or psychopathology, its duration or
    severity, the psychological tests to be involved, involvement of other health professional and
    the literacy level of the clients. Other considerations include, the location of the
    clinic/hospital, the nature of available facilities and equipment, experience, qualification and
    popularity of the clinician or psychotherapist, and relationship between the clinician and
    clients and mode of referrals. There ought to be a Nigerian acceptable uniform
    billing/charge system among Nigerian Psychotherapists and clinical Psychologists.

  • Comparison Between Cognitive Behaviour, Rational Emotive Behaviour And Meseron Therapies

  • Demographic Influence on the Perception of E-Psychotherapy among Clinical Psychologists in South-East Nigeria

    Demographic Influence on the Perception of E-Psychotherapy among Clinical Psychologists in South-East Nigeria

    Abstract

    This study examined the influences of age, gender and years of experience on the perception
    of e-psychotherapy among clinical psychologists within South Eastern Nigeria. 51 practicing
    clinical psychologists (26 males and 25 females) within the age range of 28 to 56 years (M =
    42.37, SD= 5.56) were used for the study. An e-psychotherapy scale was employed to elicit
    data for the study. The survey research design, independent sample t-test and Analysis of
    Variance were used for data collations and analysis. The findings revealed that South-East
    clinical psychologists significantly have a positive perception of e-psychotherapy and gender
    and years of practice have significant influence on e-Psychotherapy. However, age influence
    on e-psychotherapy did not reach a statistical significance. It is, therefore, recommended
    that clinical psychologists in Nigeria would perform more effectively using e-psychotherapy.

  • Effect of Behaviour Intervention on Adolescents’ Sexual Risk-Behaviour in Anambra State, Nigeria

    Effect of Behaviour Intervention on Adolescents’ Sexual Risk-Behaviour in Anambra State, Nigeria

    Abstract

    The study examined the effect of Behaviour Intervention on adolescents’ sexual risk-behaviour. 120  adolescents comprising ( males 56, mean age = 19 years ) and  (females 64, mean age= 18.6 years)  were  selected  purposely  from  a population of  1168 SS11 students in the  eight public schools  in Awka urban using  a survey study . The participants   that had high mean score of sexual risk – behaviour, in the survey study, from a sexual risk-behaviour test (males’ mean score =47, females’ mean score = 42) were selected for intervention training.  The test has a validity of .94 and a reliability of .82. The subjects were randomly assigned into the three treatment groups, namely: Assertive group, self control group and control group, with 40 adolescents in each group. A random group design with three independent variables and a Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) were used for the study. The result of the data analysis showed that participants’ scores on the test for those that participated in intervention training in assertive and self-control groups differed    significantly from those participants in the control group (P =.03).However, the Scheffe pair-wise comparison test indicates that those in assertive training group had greater change (P=.017).The study concludes that Behaviour Intervention (assertive training and self-control training) had significant effect on adolescents’ sexual behaviour .

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    Effect Of Emotional Intelligence Training On Couples’ Attitude To Marital Stress

    Effect Of Emotional Intelligence Training On Couples’ Attitude To Marital Stress

    Abstract

    This study investigated the effect of Emotional Intelligence on the attitude of couples to marital stress. The general objective of the study is the presentation of Emotional Intelligence as a viable tool in tackling not only marital but all forms of stress. The study adopted an experimental design using purposive and random sampling methods. Pair of thirty (30) married couples totalling sixty (60) subjects participated in the study. The participants were placed into experimental and control groups. Gender and academic qualification were the independent variables of the study. The research instrument, a self-developed and validated Marital Stress Attitude Inventory (MSAI) was administered and couples’ scores determined their assigned group. It was administered on the experimental and control groups before and after the Emotional Intelligence Training. Six hypotheses were formulated and tested. The hypotheses were analysed using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA), and Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA). The post-test result of data revealed that there was a significant difference in the attitude of Couples in the Experimental group due to Emotional Intelligence Training, irrespective of gender and academic qualification, as against those of the control group who did not record any significant difference in their attitude to marital stress. The highest mean attitude score recorded by the group that was exposed to Emotional Intelligence Training implied that the attitude of Couples to marital stress can be changed with Emotional Intelligence Training.

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    Effect Of Laughter On The Psychological Well-Being Of Hospitalized Patients

    Effect Of Laughter On The Psychological Well-Being Of Hospitalized Patients

    Abstract

    The quality of life of hospitalized patients is usually affected by a lot of psychological experiences such as pain, distress, anxiety, and depression, which reduce their quality of life. Laughing therapy in the media has grown and many researchers have conducted a variety of studies on laughing. The main aim of this research is to know the effect of laughter on psychological well-being of hospitalized patients. The participants used for this research were hospitalized patients from both general and private hospital in Anambra State. 15 participants were sampled using convenient sampling method via personal permission. A 20-item modified version of the ryff (1972) psychological well-being scale with Cronbach alpha of .96 and content validity.77 and four 3-minute comedy skits were used. Within-group design was adopted for this research. It was observed that the treatment effect was not statistically significant, in other words, hospitalized patients did not improve significantly on their psychological well-being after watching the four 3-minutes comedy skits. Nevertheless we recommend that laughter therapy should be adopted as part of treatment given to hospitalized patients.

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    Effect Of Logotherapy On Academic Stress Of Senior Secondary School Students

    Effect Of Logotherapy On Academic Stress Of Senior Secondary School Students

    Abstract

    This study examined the effect of Logotherapy on the academic stress of Senior Secondary School students. An experimental design using purposive and random sampling methods were used to conduct the study. The sample population consists of one hundred and twenty (120) Senior Secondary School students of OCAC College, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria. The research instrument; a self-developed and validated inventory (Academic Stress Inventory-ASI) was administered and students’ scores determined their assigned group before and after the therapy. The data for the study were analysed using t-test and one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The result of the data analysis revealed that Logotherapy was effective in reducing the academic stress of Senior Secondary School students without the interference of gender, religion and course of study. Based on the findings, it is evident that psychotherapeutic services in Schools are beneficial.

  • Fantasy Behavior Scale: The Psychometric Properties

    Fantasy Behavior Scale: The Psychometric Properties

    Abstract

    The development of a 24-item self-report scale for measuring fantasy behavior in populations
    is described, the concept was elucidated, theories and the previous studies that are
    applicable to fantasy behavior were applied and reviewed. The study also established the
    psychometric qualities and properties of the Fantasy Behavior Scale (FBS). Series of
    analyses was used to reduce the item pool from an initial 30 items to 24 items. The result of
    the factor loading for fantasy scale shows that the items loaded into seven (7) components,
    but most of the items loaded highest on five (5) factors or components which were named as
    follows: component one (fantasy behavior),loaded 17 items (8.56); component two (control
    over fantasy behavior), loaded 3 items (2.134); component three (attitude towards fantasy
    behavior), loaded 1 item (1.71); component four (loss of touch with reality), loaded 2 items
    (1.48) and component five (defense mechanism), loaded 1 item (1.44). The resulting (FBS) is
    a 24–item scale that showed high internal consistency (α = .910) and a subsequent
    reliability of (α = .881). It also showed external validity of r = .766 (2-tailed) when
    correlated with fantasy proneness scale.

  • Harmony Restoration Therapy: Theory And Practice

    Harmony Restoration Therapy: Theory And Practice

    Abstract

    One cardinal aim of all Psychotherapies is the alleviation of people’s physical and mental
    illness using psychological principles. In Nigeria and other African countries, there have
    cravings for the indigenization of psychotherapy in order to make it relevant to Africans.
    Harmony Restoration Therapy developed by Ebigbo (1995) is one of the outcomes of such
    yearnings for Africa-culture oriented therapy. This therapy treats abnormal behaviour, by
    restoring the equilibrium in human life and living using holistic as well as eclectic
    approaches. The theory of Harmony Restoration Therapy perceives man as a component of
    three entities, namely: Endo, Meso and Exo cosmos. These three entities are inseparable and
    maintain a harmonious relationship. An abnormal person distinguished from a normal
    person when the three entities are not working, interwoven as a whole. Sanity, therefore, is
    restored when the discrepancy among the three domains is resolved and harmonious
    relationship maintained

     

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    Importance Of Psychotherapy Towards Promotion Of Mental Wellness In Africa

    Importance Of Psychotherapy Towards Promotion Of Mental Wellness In Africa

    Abstract

    The issue of mental health affects everyone, particularly wellness of life such as emotional stability and stress free among others. Contextually, most African countries are beleaguered by poverty, wars, terrorism, insecurity and superstition leading to emotional distress, trauma, malnutrition, substance abuse, and other psychological problems. Therefore, provision of psychotherapy and its importance cannot be overemphasized, as it is essential for promoting mental wellness in the face of accumulated tension, which if not taken care of would lead to many illnesses. Example at hand is the aftermath of the just concluded political election in Nigeria, which have left many vulnerable that include loss of loved ones amidst myriad of other psychological problems. Accordingly, this paper wishes to survey the numerous contributions psychotherapy would make towards the development of mental wellness in African, using Nigeria as a case study, particularly in the form of providing advocacy for relaxation and stress management. Hence, data collected from 10 counsellors-in-training would be used as evidence-base narratives to support integration of psycho-therapeutic intervention to daily experiences of life aimed at achieving greater wellness of life.

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    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa – 2018 (Volume 3)

    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa – 2018 (Volume 3)

    This Third Edition of the International Journal of Psychotherapy in Africa contains well researched and articulated empirical studies geared towards equipping psychotherapists with current experiences and skills in psychotherapy, as well as holistic approach to psychotherapy in Africa. It also advocates for not only the indigenization of psychotherapy but the integration of African Traditional Religion as well as Christian religion and psychotherapy.

    Many scholars are showing great interest in the Journal as article contributors or editorial advisers. Many more are solicited. We express our gratitude to our Peer-reviewers, Editorial Board and the Board of Directors for their noble roles in making this journal a reality.

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    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa – 2019 (Volume 4)

    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa – 2019 (Volume 4)

    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa is published by the School of Psychotherapy and Health Sciences, Okija, Nigeria, with the editorial policy to address issues that border on people’s psychological health and psychotherapy in African. The Journal publishes contributions that advance the frontier of knowledge in psychotherapy in Africa, submitted by trained psychotherapists, psychologists, and other scholars from related disciplines, whose research works and practical experience unraveled mix bag of edge-cutting knowledge and psychotherapy practice. While the emphasis is on empirical papers, the journal also accepts theoretical papers, review articles, short communications and interactions containing fair commentary. Priority is given to articles that are relevant to Africa, and that address psychotherapeutic issues, mental health, and wellness.

    The need for psychotherapeutic intervention is very vital in many countries of Africa. Today, the countries are being challenged by various forms of conflict and insecurity problems like terrorism, and insurgency, the aftermath of which many innocent individuals, families and communities are displaced of their natural residences; and are physically and mentally tormented. In face of this condition, the International Journal for Psychotherapy in African holds it as a responsibility to invite scholars to contribute their knowledge of Psychotherapeutic intervention models that will be of great help in assisting victims of this menace.

    This Fourth Edition of the International Journal for Psychotherapy in African contains many scholarly vibrant research articles in areas of insurgencies, internal displacement of persons, trauma, substance abuse, among others. The scholars cross-pollinated knowledge on their psychotherapy models and expressed the importance of psychotherapy for mental wellness in African.

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    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa – Volume 2 (PDF)

    International Journal for Psychotherapy in Africa – Volume 2 (PDF)

    This second Edition of the International Journal of Psychotherapy in Africa contains well researched and articulated empirical studies geared towards equipping psychotherapists with current experiences and skills in psychotherapy, as well as holistic approach to psychotherapy in Africa. It also advocates for not only the indigenization of psychotherapy but the integration of African Traditional Religion as well as Christian religion and psychotherapy. Many scholars are showing great interest in the Journal as article contributors or editorial advisers. Many more are solicited. We express our gratitude to our Peerreviewers, Editorial Board and the Board of Directors for their noble roles in making this journal a reality.

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    International Journal of Psychotherapy in Africa – 2016 (Volume 1)

    International Journal of Psychotherapy in Africa – 2016 (Volume 1)

    This paper highlights not only the above lacuna but also describes the important aspects of psychotherapy training in the Western world. It went further to describe current efforts being made in Nigeria to establish a world-class tertiary institution, the School of Psychotherapy and Health Sciences (SPHS), which takes it lead from modern psychotherapy training programmes in Austria. The SPHS in Nigeria has also been affiliated Sigmund Freud University, Austria. Students from SPHS will be trained by qualified staff from Nigeria and from Austria, and they will be properly equipped with psychotherapeutic skills that will enable them to address the emotional problems of Nigerians, in which ever work-setting they find themselves. They will also be registerable the World Council for Psychotherapy and with other psychotherapy organisations world-wide.

  • Meseron Therapy

    Meseron Therapy

    Abstract

    Meseron therapy was developed by Alfred Awaritefe in 1995, the word Meseron is an
    Urhobo word which means “I reject it”. The core component in Meseron therapy is the
    power of the spoken word which cuts across cultural and religious boundaries. A general
    opinion is that words are powerful; they can make or mar, indeed, life and death are said to
    lie in the tongue. [Prv. 18:21] The Urhobos characteristically reject the unwholesome by
    saying “Meseron” i.e. “I reject it” at the mention of anything unwholesome. Incidentally this
    practice has found its way into conventional expression among Nigerians as reflected in an
    increased sensitivity to reject the unwholesome, unwelcome and unpleasant with phrases like
    “I reject poverty”, “I reject ill health” “it is not my portion” “God forbid” and so on. This
    widespread “I reject it” mind-set makes Meseron therapy a viable tool in clinical practice if
    well harnessed. Meseron therapy possess therapeutic strength and value with its undertone of
    optimism and resilience. However, Meseron therapy does not subscribe to empty optimism,
    the flipside of rejecting the unwholesome is accepting the wholesome. Research evidence
    abound on its use in therapeutic interventions like the management of fear, emotional
    disorder, as an antidote to stress etc. Meseron therapy also compares favourably well with
    western therapies of cognitive and motivational perspectives. This paper attempts to expose
    the rich theoretical viewpoints of Meseron therapy with the hope that its use in research/
    clinical practice will be further enhanced.

  • Meseron Therapy As A Motivation Theory

    Meseron Therapy As A Motivation Theory

    Abstract

    Reference is often made to Meseron as an African originated form of cognitive therapy. This
    classification arises from Meseron’s use of concepts such as thinking perceptive capacity,
    appraisal mechanism, operational facilities and choice. This is factual, but little is said about
    Meseron as a motivation theory. This paper intends to fill the gap by pointing out Meseron’s
    definition of man as a striving creature, its emphasis on resilience and the principle of “I
    can”.

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    Peer Influence, Rank And Self-Esteem: A Predictive Of Psychotherapeutic View Of Hostile Behaviour Among Police Personnel In Awka City

    Peer Influence, Rank And Self-Esteem: A Predictive Of Psychotherapeutic View Of Hostile Behaviour Among Police Personnel In Awka City

    Abstract

    The study examined peer influence, rank and self-esteem as predictors of psychotherapeutic view of hostile behavior among police personnel working in Awka City. A total number of two hundred and twenty-two (222) police personnel served as participant for the study. They were selected using a non probability convenient random sampling. They consisted of 96 males and 126 female. Their age ranged from 22-51 years with mean age was 34.87 and standard deviation of 7.0. Instruments use to generate data for the study were; Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire by Buss-Perry (1992), Index of Peer Relation (IPR) by Hudson (1982), Validated by Anumba (1995) and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem (RSE) scale (1965). Multiple Linear Regression Statistics were used to analyze the data. Three hypotheses were tested. The result revealed that hypothesis one which state that peer influence will predict hostility behavior was accepted at f (β=.16, t = 2.5, p< .01), hypothesis two which state that rank will significantly predict hostility behavior was accepted at f (β=.26, t =3.9, p<.01), while hypothesis three which state that self-esteem will significantly predict hostility behavior was also accepted at f (β= -.16, t = -3.31, p< .01). Based on the findings, conclusion were made and implication of the study was also stated.

    Key words: Peer Influence, Rank, Self-Esteem, Psychotherapy, Hostile Behavior, Police Personnel.

     

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    Primogenitor-Psychotherapy – Becoming and Belonging: An Archaeology of Meaning. A Holistic Perspective of Mental Health Care among the Igbo People of South-Eastern Nigeria

    Primogenitor-Psychotherapy – Becoming and Belonging: An Archaeology of Meaning. A Holistic Perspective of Mental Health Care among the Igbo People of South-Eastern Nigeria

    Abstract

    Healing is a general understanding in the area of Health Services. It is nevertheless not a univocal concept. The one-dimensional consideration of the Human Person does not correspond to his or her Being Human and with his longing for healing. There is a necessity to see him or her from the holistic perspective. There are therefore, culturally immanent concepts and methods that contribute to the holistic healing of the individual. The concept of “Belonging” is one of such culturally immanent ways of holistic healing and philosophically closely connected with “Becoming”. It is a most fundamental characteristic of being human (Wolfers, 2018). The concept is very peculiar to the Igbos of Southeast Nigeria. “Belonging, understood as a Life-Sense (Ibe bu ike – Belonging is strength) has to do with the actively Living, though it never excludes the Living-Dead in their potential Meaning-Relations. The major business of Primogenitor-Psychotherapy therefore, is to elicit and lay bare all those conscious and unconscious Meaning Potentials waiting to be realised by those in immediate need of clinical treatment. The setting I have called the “Archaeology of Meaning.

    Two original symbols are of vital importance in their narrative structure: the OFOR and the COLANUT Symbols. The maieutic method finds here its application and strength. The objective is the enhancement of Logotherapy and Existential Analysis, utilizing thereby the “Predominant Features of Personality of the intended Subjects under study. “Selective Perception, Prioritization and Scaling System help to create an inner awareness that resonates with the Treatment Objective in the patient.

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    Psychological Defense Mechanisms And Coping Behavior: Parenting Of Young Children With Psychological Developmental Disorders

    Psychological Defense Mechanisms And Coping Behavior: Parenting Of Young Children With Psychological Developmental Disorders

    Abstract

    The study was carried out to investigate the psychological defense mechanisms and the coping behavior of parents raising children with psychological developmental disorders. 190 parents of children under the age of 3 with psychological developmental disorders participated in the study. Developmental  and psychomotor retardation levels in children was confirmed by the result of psycho diagnostic examination which made it possible to determine features of motor, speech, cognitive, socio- emotional spheres  and every day adaptation. To investigate the defense mechanism of parents of children with developmental retardation, the following techniques where use: Psychological diagnostics of lifestyle index; Diagnostic methodology of coping behavior in stressful situations; Strategic diagnostics of impunity behavior in conflict situations. The analysis of the results showed that the most typical was the mechanism of psychological defense such as projection for all parents regardless of their children’s degree of mental retardation. A comparative analysis made it possible to establish that the parents of children with a high degree of mental retardation were significantly more inherent to use unconsciously such mechanisms of psychological protection like denial, displacement and reaction formation. Parents whose children have a high level of mental retardation were more likely to use coping behavior that reflects orientation towards avoidance

  • Psychological Intervention Outcome Of In-Patients Referred For Insight Oriented Therapy In Federal Neurosychiatric Hospital, Yaba Lagos

    Psychological Intervention Outcome Of In-Patients Referred For Insight Oriented Therapy In Federal Neurosychiatric Hospital, Yaba Lagos

    Abstract

    Insight has been found to be an integral component that ensures success in most psychiatry
    treatment. It appears that, the more the client can understand the cause of the illness, the
    greater their chances of resolving their unpleasant experience. Insight-oriented
    psychotherapy is a client-centred therapy, a talk therapy that guides clients toward
    developing and understanding of self. It assumes that the client is healthy and their problem
    is a result of faulty-thinking. This study focused on testing the efficacy of insight oriented
    therapy in improving participants’ level of illness awareness. Forty three (43) inpatients
    from a federal government mental health facility were purposively selected based on
    referrals for individualized insight oriented therapy for a 12-session program. Participants
    responded to Beck Cognitive Insight Scale prior and after intervention (pre-posttest).The
    participants were made up of 23 males and 20 females with an average age of 32.21 9.31
    who entered therapy session upon referrals. The results revealed that insight oriented
    therapy had a significant impact on the level of the study sample’s insight
    [ t(42)= 47.429 p<.01]. Conclusively, insight oriented therapy has been
    found in this study to be efficacious in the management of patient with poor insight. Authors
    suggested that more clinical trials should be carried out to test It’s efficacy in larger samples
    and with control samples.

  • Psychometric Properties of Thinking Style Inventory in Nigeria: A Preliminary Investigations

    Psychometric Properties of Thinking Style Inventory in Nigeria: A Preliminary Investigations

    Abstract

    The present study was on the investigations of the psychometric properties of Sternberg
    Thinking Style Inventory (TSI) in Nigeria. Eight hundred and seventy eight (878) adult
    participants recruited from 3 cardinal regions representing 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria
    were involved in the study. They included 587 males and 291 females from diverse
    occupations including teaching, civil service, military, police, clergy and university
    undergraduates. TSI by Sternberg and Wagner (1991) was administered to the participants
    to determine the construct validity of the 13 different subscales of the instrument in Nigerian
    participants. Exploratory factor analysis, reliability statistics and 2 WAY MANOVA statistics
    were used for data analysis. The result of the study showed one factor extraction using the
    Principal Component Analysis (PCA) at eigen value greater than 1.However when the
    method of percentile of variance extracted was used (Pett, Lackey & Sullivan, 2003) 6
    components were extracted. Conversely moderate positive correlations existed among the
    various subscale of the TSI. On the other hand significant occupation differences were found
    among various occupations on TSI suggesting good level of discriminatory validity based on
    occupation. However, TSI did not correlate with measure of cognitive mental task called
    puzzle game. Overall, TSI showed to be a promising inventory for Nigeria population but
    more research works are needed to position the inventory for Nigerian use.

  • Psychotherapeutic Practice Experience In Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos

  • Psychotherapeutic Values of Igbo Healing Practices: The ‘Umunna Psychotherapy’

    Psychotherapeutic Values of Igbo Healing Practices: The ‘Umunna Psychotherapy’

    Abstract

    It had been observed by some researchers that psychotherapy should include effective emotional
    healing activities of African traditional healers, religious faith healers, and African originated
    forms of psychotherapy. This has not been achieved. To this effect, this study investigated how the
    Igbo healing practices can be harnessed into psychotherapy interventions and techniques. The
    main argument here is that Igbo traditional healing practices both the cultural and religious,
    have definable psychotherapeutic values; hence, the need to provide some theoretical and
    practical bases for recognition and adaptation of these practices into general and specific forms
    of psychotherapy.
    The research adopted a qualitative approach based on key informant interview (KII) of
    four purposively selected native doctors, four spiritual kings and four clergy men: two Catholic
    priests and two Protestant pastors from a purposively selected local government area in Anambra
    State, Idemili North, in the Southeast Nigeria. Intensive structured interview method, where seven
    specific questions were used to elicit information as concerned both the spiritual and traditional
    ‘psychotherapeutic practices of the Igbo people’ was adopted. The information gathered were
    thematically analyzed based on the information of the participants, principles of Gestalt
    psychology and macro ethical categorizations, and the general Igbo philosophy and world-view,
    especially as express in idioms, names and proverbs; and in comparison to euro-western views of
    psychotherapy.
    The results revealed that ‘psychotherapy’ had been in existence in Igbo cultural traditions
    for a very long time; having diagnosis (includes listening, questioning, examinations,
    consultations, divination) and interventions (involves sacrifices and ikpu alu, among others) as its
    major procedural parts. It also revealed the Igbo Concept and Sources of Psychopathology, and
    Some Qualities that are Common to Most Igbo ‘Psychotherapists’. It also revealed that the most
    popular technique in use is the ‘Umunna’-centered technique. Cultural aptness, acceptability,
    affordability, availability, effectiveness, low cost, inclusivity, wholesome restoration, zero percent
    chance of relapse and adoptability were found as some major advantages of Umunna
    ‘psychotherapy’. It was also observed to provide high levels of psychological, spiritual and social
    supports for the clients, and these in turn, lead to high restoration of eudemonia within a
    calculated period, both of the client and his/her umunna. Though simple and unique, it covers a
    wide range of psychotherapeuticism. However, the issue of confidentiality is of no interest to the
    Umunna psychotherapy.
    Based on the values found, the study recommends Umunna ‘psychotherapy’ to all
    psychotherapists, both as a type and a technique, and both within and outside the Igbo cultural
    regions.

  • Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Abstract

    Counseling and psychotherapy must be adapted to meet the developmental needs of children.
    It is generally held to be one part of an effective strategy for some purposes and not for
    others. In addition to therapy for the child, or even instead of it, children may benefit if their
    parents speak to a therapist, take parenting classes, attend grief counseling, or take other
    actions to resolve stressful situations that affect the child. Parent management training is a
    highly effective form of psychotherapy that teaches parents skills to reduce their child’s
    behavior problems.. Psychotherapy can be said to have been practiced through the ages.
    Historically, psychotherapy has sometimes meant “interpretative” (i.e. Freudian) methods,
    namely psychoanalysis, in contrast with other methods to treat psychiatric disorders such as
    behavior modification. Psychotherapy may be delivered in person, one on one or in groups,
    over the phone via telephone counseling, or via the internet. Psychotherapists may be mental
    health professionals, professionals from other backgrounds trained in a specific therapy, or
    in some cases non-professionals. Psychiatrists are first trained as physicians. One major aim
    of couselling is that it helps people identify problems and crises and encourages them to take
    positive steps to resolve these issues, as psychotherapy helps people with psychological
    problems that have built up over the course of a long period of time. Counselling and
    psychotherapy employ various techniques and strategies to resolve issues or behavioural
    problems. Therapy may address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday
    problems in managing or maintaining interpersonal relationships or meeting personal goals.
    A course of therapy may happen before, during or after pharmacotherapy (e.g. taking
    psychiatric medication).

  • Psychotherapy And Counselling: Attitudes Toward Mental Health Seeking Services In Nigeria

    Psychotherapy And Counselling: Attitudes Toward Mental Health Seeking Services In Nigeria

    Abstract

    This paper explored the attitudes of Nigerians toward mental health seeking services with
    regards to the reality of psychotherapy and counseling in Nigeria. Some cultural variables
    that fuel the supposed neglect of the mental health issues in Nigeria were highlighted and
    way-forward offered. Culture and society tend to influence all spheres of life including
    mental health, mental illness, and mental health services. In view of this fact it becomes
    pertinent to develop mental health services that would be more acceptable to the culture and
    social environment where recipients are located. In addition, victims of mental health
    challenges are reassured to feel safe in the hands of counsellors and psychotherapists, as
    they passionately abhor stigmatization, social distancing and numerous cultural obnoxious
    treatments to individuals impacted by mental health disorders or illnesses in Nigeria.

  • Psychotherapy And Effective Counseling In Social Casework Practice

    Psychotherapy And Effective Counseling In Social Casework Practice

    Abstract

    Counseling is a process in which the counselor assists the counselee to make interpretation
    of facts relating to a choice, plan, or adjustment. This assistance may take many forms such
    as educational, vocational, social, personal, emotional and moral. While psychotherapy is
    the treatment of mental illness by discussing somebody’s problems with them rather than
    giving them drugs. This paper attempts to look at how professional counseling should be
    done, the key difference between the two courses of therapeutic communication treatment
    and how do contemporary theories of counseling work with families’ adjustment and solving
    problem. The study was conducted using secondary method of data. The secondary sources
    used data from internet, newspapers and journal articles. The paper recommends the need
    for psychotherapy and counseling practice in Nigeria; for a long time, the problem of
    integration of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria may well be a problem which
    psychotherapy and counseling may help to solve.

  • Psychotherapy And Private Practice: Why We Are Still Lagging Behind

    Psychotherapy And Private Practice: Why We Are Still Lagging Behind

    Abstract

    This paper focuses on the failure of psychotherapy in private practice, classifying the lapses
    in the practice resulting to the unimportance in the practice among Nigerian Clinical
    Psychologist. It also defines the practical roles of the Psychologist in enhancement of the
    practice. This paper relied on books and oral interviews as source of information in the
    course of development. It argued that no time is late that psychotherapeutic practice can be
    encouraged and sustained in Nigeria, outlining the steps in order to achieve this objectives.
    This paper will provide valuable information regarding learning, knowledge and answer the
    question which a lot of young Psychologist has been asking “is there a hope for us in this our
    profession”. Hence the findings will be useful in policy making, therapeutic purposes and
    bases for further research.

  • Psychotherapy And Rehabilitation Of Students With Behavioural Disorders In Nigeria

    Psychotherapy And Rehabilitation Of Students With Behavioural Disorders In Nigeria

    Absract

    Research into the myriad of factors that could promote mental well-being of young adults in
    the institution of higher learning would continue unabated as long as the subject matter,
    Risky behaviour remains potent to psychologists, mental health workers, and other
    significant care givers. This study evaluated the efficacy of psychotherapy and rehabilitation
    program in reducing behavioural disorders and risky lifestyle of Babcock University students
    returning from one year behavioural sanction. Eighty-Seven students (71.26% male and
    28.78% female) suspended for various violation/misconduct were asked to sign a behavioural
    contract with the consent of their parent/guardians and consequently, completed the
    Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 structured form (MMPI-2).About 75% of the
    students reported high T-score on emotional Internalizing Dysfunction EID, Thought
    Dysfunction THD, and Behavioural/External Dysfunction BXD. The students were assigned
    to two session psychotherapeutic treatment per week and three hours weekly group emotional
    competent training. At the end of the academic semester post-intervention, significant
    reduction on all measures as well as reduction in risky behaviour and high emotional
    intelligent were observed among the students. Overall, psychosocial support was found for
    the efficacy of the program. It is thus recommended that those working on young adults with
    behavioural disorders should seriously consider redemptive approach that is, psychotherapy,
    emotional fitness training and socio-spiritual reintegration.

  • Psychotherapy And Religion

    Psychotherapy And Religion

    Abstract

    Religion and psychotherapy have long maintained separate directions, currently manifested
    in four viewpoints: orthodox, atheistic, neutralist, and moderate. Although each therapeutic
    viewpoint is distinct, each contains the seed for rapprochement. This article explores the
    prospects for therapeutic integration between religion and contemporary psychotherapy.
    There is a growing trend to seek alternative, complementary and religious healing not only
    as a reaction to Western theoretical postulations but also to the mindset of ‘‘faith’’. Religious
    therapy aims to establish harmony and balance within the individual through the interface of
    the mind and spirit. Through this process religious healing offers a holistic conceptualization
    of wellness and wellbeing, both within the individual, and between the individual and his or
    her creator. It has been observed that, Increasing numbers of ministers now receive
    professional preparation for pastoral therapy. The need for a rapprochement that provides
    professional psychotherapy capable of addressing religious issues is clearly voiced by
    laypersons, who are clients or potential clients, and by members of the clergy and
    psychotherapeutic professions. This paper proposes that It is timely for those in the
    psychotherapy professions to consider seriously specialized education and certification in
    religious therapy for secular psychotherapists.

  • Psychotherapy And Traditional Healing

    Psychotherapy And Traditional Healing

    Abstract

    Multicultural advocates within professional psychology routinely call for “culturally
    competent” counseling interventions. Such advocates frequently cite and celebrate
    traditional healing practices as an important resource for developing novel integrative forms
    of psychotherapy that are distinctively tailored for diverse populations. Despite this interest,
    substantive descriptions of specific forms of traditional healing vis-à-vis psychotherapy have
    appeared infrequently in the psychology literature. This article explores the prospects for
    therapeutic integration between traditional healing and contemporary psychotherapy. There
    is a growing trend to seek alternative, complementary and traditional healing not only as a
    reaction to Western biomedicine but also to the mindset of ‘‘talking heads’’ in
    psychotherapy. Traditional healing aims to restore harmony and balance within the
    individual through a symbiosis of the body, mind and spirit. Through this process traditional
    healing offers a holistic conceptualization of wellness and wellbeing, both within the
    individual, and between the individual and his or her environment. Comparative studies on
    alternative healing practices indicate that many patients/clients often see a mental health
    professional and a traditional healer concurrently. This paper considers the use of
    traditional healing alongside Western counselling psychology as a process of dual
    interventions for clients who engage traditional healing practices alongside psychotherapy.

  • Psychotherapy in a Hospital

    Psychotherapy in a Hospital

    Abstract

    This paper examines the nature of Psychotherapy, determining its role in the hospital
    settings, and presents the case of the role of counseling intervention among discordant
    couples in NAUTH prep demonstration project. Four couples, who tested positive to HIV
    due to pre-wedding investigation (three females, one male,) and two others, a male and a
    female who tested positive following community HIV awareness, were followed for three
    months: March – June 2016. The objective was to access the behavioural changes of these
    clients in the process of enrolment to Prep. These clients were interviewed on four issues:
    their concerns about positive status, feeling of guilt and stigma, suicidal thoughts and what
    helped them to resolve their worries. One of the males was concerned about his health, three
    of the females were concerned about their marriages, and one male had no worry. All of
    them expressed feeling bad because of the stigmatization associated with the virus. Three of
    them had suicidal thoughts, but were reassured of hope after counseling. All said counseling
    helped them resolve their worries. Counseling /psychotherapy have been identified as sine
    qua non for patients on HAART to achieve effective viral suppression and act as immune
    boaster for patients on Positive Living.