Psychotherapy And Effective Counseling In Social Casework Practice

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Abstract

Counseling is a process in which the counselor assists the counselee to make interpretation
of facts relating to a choice, plan, or adjustment. This assistance may take many forms such
as educational, vocational, social, personal, emotional and moral. While psychotherapy is
the treatment of mental illness by discussing somebody’s problems with them rather than
giving them drugs. This paper attempts to look at how professional counseling should be
done, the key difference between the two courses of therapeutic communication treatment
and how do contemporary theories of counseling work with families’ adjustment and solving
problem. The study was conducted using secondary method of data. The secondary sources
used data from internet, newspapers and journal articles. The paper recommends the need
for psychotherapy and counseling practice in Nigeria; for a long time, the problem of
integration of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria may well be a problem which
psychotherapy and counseling may help to solve.

Authors: Martin Likeing1 and Adaka S.Sunday2

Department of Sociology,

Federal University Lafia, Nigeria.

1Email: limatchat@yahoo.com

2Email: sunnidaka@yahoo.com

 

Description

Counseling is a process in which the counselor assists the counselee to make interpretation
of facts relating to a choice, plan, or adjustment. This assistance may take many forms such
as educational, vocational, social, personal, emotional and moral. While psychotherapy is
the treatment of mental illness by discussing somebody’s problems with them rather than
giving them drugs. This paper attempts to look at how professional counseling should be
done, the key difference between the two courses of therapeutic communication treatment
and how do contemporary theories of counseling work with families’ adjustment and solving
problem. The study was conducted using secondary method of data. The secondary sources
used data from internet, newspapers and journal articles. The paper recommends the need
for psychotherapy and counseling practice in Nigeria; for a long time, the problem of
integration of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria may well be a problem which
psychotherapy and counseling may help to solve.

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