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    Psychometric Properties of Thinking Style Inventory in Nigeria: A Preliminary Investigations

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    Psychometric Properties of Thinking Style Inventory in Nigeria: A Preliminary Investigations

    Abstract

    The present study was on the investigations of the psychometric properties of Sternberg
    Thinking Style Inventory (TSI) in Nigeria. Eight hundred and seventy eight (878) adult
    participants recruited from 3 cardinal regions representing 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria
    were involved in the study. They included 587 males and 291 females from diverse
    occupations including teaching, civil service, military, police, clergy and university
    undergraduates. TSI by Sternberg and Wagner (1991) was administered to the participants
    to determine the construct validity of the 13 different subscales of the instrument in Nigerian
    participants. Exploratory factor analysis, reliability statistics and 2 WAY MANOVA statistics
    were used for data analysis. The result of the study showed one factor extraction using the
    Principal Component Analysis (PCA) at eigen value greater than 1.However when the
    method of percentile of variance extracted was used (Pett, Lackey & Sullivan, 2003) 6
    components were extracted. Conversely moderate positive correlations existed among the
    various subscale of the TSI. On the other hand significant occupation differences were found
    among various occupations on TSI suggesting good level of discriminatory validity based on
    occupation. However, TSI did not correlate with measure of cognitive mental task called
    puzzle game. Overall, TSI showed to be a promising inventory for Nigeria population but
    more research works are needed to position the inventory for Nigerian use.

    Authors:

    Valentine A. Ucheagwu

    Department of Psychology, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Igbariam Campus

     Bernard Chine

    Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

     

    Rita N. Ugokwe-Ossai

    Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

     

    Jesse P. Ossai

    Department of Psychology, Imo State University, Owerri

     

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