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    Alleviating Violence, Traumatic Experience And Illicit Drugs Use Using Psychotherapeutic Model: A Case Study Of Youth In Awka Urban

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    Alleviating Violence, Traumatic Experience And Illicit Drugs Use Using Psychotherapeutic Model: A Case Study Of Youth In Awka Urban

    Abstract

    The study examined alleviating violence, traumatic experience and illicit drugs use using psychotherapeutic model: a case study of youth in Awka urban. A total number of two hundred and forty-one (241) youth in Awka urban; served as participant for the study. The study utilized non-probability (convenient sampling technique). Their age ranged from 18-32 years and their mean age was 23.20 with standard deviation of 4.07. Substance Craving Scale developed by Mazza (2004), Dating Violence Questionnaire-Reverse (DVQ-R) by Rodríguez-Franco et al., (2010) and Impact of Event Scale by Horowitz, Wilner and Ilvarez (1979) were employed for data generation. The study adopted correlational design and Pearson Product Moment Correction Coefficient as appropriate statistics for analyses of the data. Two hypotheses were tested. Thus, hypothesis one which states that violence will significantly correlate with illicit drug among youth in Awka Urban were partly accepted, because sexual and physical violence correlate with illicit drugs, while detachment, humiliation and coercion violence did not correlate with illicit drugs. Hypothesis two which states that trauma will significantly correlate with illicit drug among youth in Awka Urban was accepted. Based on the findings, study concludes by detailing recommendations and psychotherapeutic intervention model for the study.

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    The Application of Psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces

    The Application of Psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces

    Abstract

    The military personnel whose duty is to undertake operational duties are often exposed to trauma and stress; and some develop psychological distress as a result. The burden of mental health distress related to military occupational life is substantial as some military personnel and families flourish while others are not able to cope. Overtime, deployed military personnel and families become psychologically dysfunctional as a result of trauma and acute stress syndrome which result to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety and emotional burn-out. Although, little attempt has been made to assess and meet the mental health needs of the military community holistically. This negligence is costly considering that the psychological health of the military family has been found to be directly related to the readiness, well-being and retention of service members. More so, the impact of negative attachment reactions on the cognitive development of children as a result of separations related to military deployment and postings have been observed. But at the moment, the government and NGO’s have focused mainly on the physical welfare needs of the wounded military personnel only, while the mental wellbeing of their families who are victims of counter-insurgency operations have been overlooked. The study therefore examined the application of psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces. The researchers also discussed common psychotherapeutic techniques relevant to the treatment of military personnel and families with the need to adopt a preventive approach to mental health promotion.

    Authors: Philemon A. Agashua, Jonathan I. Ugese, Funke T. Olofin

    Department of Psychology Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna

    Email: philagash@gmail.com Mobile number: +23408057972305

     

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    Trauma Counseling For Adolescent Victims Of Insurgency And Insecurity In Southern Kaduna

    Trauma Counseling For Adolescent Victims Of Insurgency And Insecurity In Southern Kaduna

    Abstract

    The spate of insurgency and insecurity in southern Kaduna is alarming and imposing a serious trauma on the populace especially on the adolescents.  This is a topical issue that has implication for counselling and psychotherapy. The study therefore investigated the instigators of trauma; the level of trauma among the adolescents and its effect on their academics. It also tried to ameliorate the effect of the trauma using the ABC model of the Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) with the aim to gain behaviour change for the activating events of the trauma among the adolescents. A cross-section survey research design was adopted for the study with a sample of 148 adolescents from Kajuru LGA. Three research questions guided the study. A 25 item research questionnaire constructed by the researchers was employed to collect data for the survey study. The questionnaire consisted of four sections, two sections rated on the modified 4 point Likert scale. The data obtained from the respondents were analyzed with frequency counts and percentages. The Findings indicated the major trauma instigators, high level of trauma at 77.7% among the adolescents and the effect has a high percentage of more than 70%. Cognitive Behavioural therapy was delineated to challenge their irrational thoughts and fears. Based on the findings, we recommended that more trained counsellor should be employed in the area to work on the adolescents towards their emotional development.

     

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