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    Challenges Facing Psychotherapists In Africa In The Hit Of The Novel Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) Global Pandemic

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    Challenges Facing Psychotherapists In Africa In The Hit Of The Novel Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) Global Pandemic

    Abstract

    To fully understand the challenges facing psychotherapists in Africa in the hit of the
    Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic, the paper visited/reflected the
    origin and transmission of the virus, the global epidemiology, and the resultant adoption
    of international and national lockdown limiting heavily movements of people and goods
    to prevent further spread of the virus. The lockdown, however, has seriously affected the
    interpersonal relationships and freedom of gathering. It is also expected that it will have
    adverse mental and psychological effects leading to behavioural, emotional, social/family
    problems. Increased incidence of stress reactivity and anxiety, reality denial, depression,
    isolation, loneliness and lack of social support, undesirable marital adjustment and
    irritability, trauma, self-injurious behaviours like suicidal ideation and drug addiction,
    unhealthy eating behaviours and resultant increase in weight, and Obsessive Compulsive
    Disorder, increased neuropsychological symptoms, are some of the expected adverse
    effects of the lockdown. The ability to adequately address all these anticipated problems
    pose a big challenge to the few qualified psychotherapists in Africa. There are also very
    few institutions for the training of psychotherapist in Africa south of Sahara. The speed
    with which the virus is spreading also calls for short-term acquisition of hands-on
    psychotherapeutic skills. African governments are therefore called upon to address the
    above-mentioned shortage as a matter of urgency. The few psychotherapists available in
    Africa are also called upon to look into the above psychologically unhealthy situation
    from the point of view of crisis intervention.

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    Psychological Intervention To Break The Cycle Of Violence And Accelerate Public Safety, Security And Development (With Special Reference To Africa)

    Psychological Intervention To Break The Cycle Of Violence And Accelerate Public Safety, Security And Development (With Special Reference To Africa)

    Abstract

    Pervasive and unrelenting violence threatens the safety and security of women and
    children, present day survival and collective future of the people in various communities
    and nations, across the globe. This tragic crisis has become one of the most serious
    issues compelling the increasing attention of governments, at all levels, scholars in
    traumatic stress studies, psychology, psychiatry, contemporary medicine, human
    development, military and police administrators. Countries and communities are being
    destroyed by violence. Images and accounts of violence pervade the media; it is on the
    streets, homes, schools, workplaces and institutions. It has become a universal scourge
    that tears at the fabric of society. In a world desperate to comprehend, address and
    arrest the seemingly ever-enlarging explosion of violence and its psychological
    aftermath, the Three-Dimensional Psychological Intervention Strategy (3-DPIS) Model
    has been developed to explain the underlying factors that perpetuate violence in society
    and the 3-DPIS Model to holistically address these factors and break the vicious circle
    (Igboegwu, 2016).

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    Psychotherapy Training In Africa South Of Sahara

    Psychotherapy Training In Africa South Of Sahara

    Abstract

    The scarcity of properly trained psychotherapists in Africa south of Sahara on the one
    hand, and the increasing incidence of emotional problems resulting from poverty and
    underdevelopment, child abuse and neglect, trauma resulting from different forms of
    crime and abuse of human dignity, insecurity problems like terrorism, insurgency,
    kidnapping and hijacking, increasing stress-provoking lifestyles, tribal and national wars
    and conflicts, westernization and globalisation, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, different
    forms of cancer, and all sorts of abuse of human dignity on the other hand, call for
    urgent need for establishment of institutions for formal psychotherapy training in Africa.
    This paper highlights not only the above lacuna but also describes the important aspects
    of psychotherapy training in the Western world. It went further to describe current efforts
    being made (with Nigeria as an example) to establish a world-class tertiary institution,
    the School of Psychotherapy and Health Sciences (SPHS), which takes it lead from
    modern psychotherapy training programmes in Austria. The SPHS in Nigeria is affiliated
    to Sigmund Freud University, Vienna, Austria. Students from SPHS are trained by
    qualified staff from Nigeria and from Austria, and they are properly equipped with
    psychotherapeutic skills that will enable them to address the emotional problems of
    Africans, in which ever work-setting they find themselves. They are also registerable with
    the World Council for Psychotherapy and with other psychotherapy organisations worldwide.

     

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    The Relevance Of Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (ACT) In The Treatment Of Emotional Numbing Among The Adolescents: A Narrative Review

    The Relevance Of Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (ACT) In The Treatment Of Emotional Numbing Among The Adolescents: A Narrative Review

    Abstract

    The issue of emotional numbing is a serious emotional challenge among the adolescents
    and which is greatly impacting on them negatively and sometimes goes unnoticed until
    the damage is done. The study explored the concept of emotional numbing, its symptoms
    and the causes for a clear understanding of the phenomenon. It also examined the
    Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT), its core processes as a suitable therapeutic
    property to resolve the emotional problem of the adolescents who go through such pain.
    The ACT is a process and mindfulness model which promotes psychological flexibility
    through fostering openness, awareness and engagement as illustrated in its six core
    processes. It was observed that the ACT promotes emotional awareness through the
    functions of the six core processes of the ACT model and as a result, could be adopted to
    manage the challenges of emotional numbing among the adolescents. The researchers
    therefore recommend that the therapists identify such adolescents in the schools and
    address their issues with the ACT model.

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