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    Integration Of Spirituality Into Psychotherapy – A Potential Model For Nigeria

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    Integration Of Spirituality Into Psychotherapy – A Potential Model For Nigeria

    Abstract

    Although Sigmund Freud, reputed to be the father of psychoanalysis was not favourably disposed to religion, recent developments indicate that interest in religion and mental health and psychotherapy has grown. Most clients that come to psychotherapy are likely to have a religious orientation and will benefit from integrating spirituality into therapy. Psychotherapists need to learn the techniques and skills of how this integration can best be achieved especially in Nigeria where religion is a very sensitive issue.

     

     

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    Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Trafficked Victims, Role Of Self-Esteem, Demographic Factors And Relevance Of Psychotherapy

    Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Trafficked Victims, Role Of Self-Esteem, Demographic Factors And Relevance Of Psychotherapy

    Abstract

    Objective: Experiences of traumatic exposure of trafficked victims keep tormenting them after they are rescued. Trafficked victims at rehabilitation centers of National Agency for Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP) at Southern Zones have been found to present with posttraumatic stress disorder. This finding made it necessary that improving their mental health should include efforts to identify factors likely to predispose, maintain, or perpetuate PTSD presentation among trafficked victims. Current study thereby examined posttraumatic stress disorder among trafficked
    victims: the role of self-esteem and demographic factors.

    Method: 55 participants
    selected through total population sampling technique from the rehabilitation centers of NAPTIP in their South-East, South-South, and South-West zonal offices, participated. Their age ranged between 14 to 25 years, with a mean age of 19.89 and a standard deviation of 2.87. The instruments administered on them were Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Keane Scale (PKS) (Keane, Malloy & Fairbanks, 1984) and Index of Self –Esteem (ISE) (Hudson, 1982). Mental State Examination of some of the clients was also done. The study used ex-post-facto design and Independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses.

    Result: This revealed that hypotheses two to seven on demographic factors were rejected. It also showed that only hypothesis one on self-esteem was accepted, t(53)=-3.26, p <.05. Conclusion:

    The relevance of psychotherapy will establish the linkage through trafficked victims at rehabilitation centers of NAPTIP in her zonal offices in the southern parts of Nigeria, and determine self-esteem factor likely to
    influence PTSD presentation.

     

     

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    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Depression In Personnel Of Nigeria Police Force: Implications For Psychotherapy

    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Depression In Personnel Of Nigeria Police Force: Implications For Psychotherapy

    Abstract

    Psychological disorders associated with combat operations among active duty military
    and police personnel have become one of the most serious issues compelling the
    increasing attention of scholars in traumatic stress studies, psychology, psychiatry,
    contemporary medicine, human development, military and police administrators. Most of
    the research investigation on this insidious mental health crisis has, however, been
    reported in military populations more than in police personnel. In addition, very few
    studies have examined the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in
    Nigeria and the role of combat deployment on the manifestation of PTSD symptoms
    among personnel of the Nigeria Police Force. The purpose of the current article is to
    summarize and discuss the current empirical research on the prevalence of PTSD and
    depression in personnel of Nigeria Police Force, using cohorts from Federal Capital
    Territory, Abuja (FCT-Abuja); Abia, Benue and Lagos states, Nigeria, who returned
    from counter terrorism, insurgency operations and other combat duties, and the impact
    of combat deployment on PTSD symptoms manifestation in the cohort. The article, also,
    highlights implications of the research findings for psychotherapy as well as recommends
    a holistic psychological model, the Three-Dimensional Psychological Intervention
    Strategy (3-DPIS) Model, integrating psychological science, art and culture in
    psychotherapy, to address the identified mental health crisis

     

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