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    Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

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    Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

    Abstract

    Unassertiveness is a mal-adaptive behaviour which is usually seen in people with low selfesteem.
    It affects the ability of individuals to express their opinions, interests and needs
    openly, directly and honestly in matters that concern them, including standing up for their
    rights without violating the rights of others. It may also affect academic performance. Based
    on the above, this study examined assertiveness training and its effects on self-esteem and
    academic performance among S.S.3 students in selected secondary schools in rural areas of
    Anambra State. 108 student-participants comprising of 39 males and 69 females were
    subjects for the study. The participants’ age ranged from 15 to 19 years with a mean age of
    16.24 years and standard deviation of 1.10. Two hypotheses were formulated and data was
    collected with the aid of 25-item self-esteem questionnaire by Hudson (1982) and test scores.
    The participants were divided into two groups; the experimental group and the control
    group. After statistical analysis of the data, findings revealed that assertiveness training
    enhanced the self-esteem score of the experimental group whereas no significant changes
    were observed in that of the control group. Also, there were significant changes in the
    academic performance between the two groups. It is therefore recommended that government
    should through the intervention of the education board enhance the current curriculum to
    include practical assertiveness training among all the SS class students in order to improve
    on their self-esteem which has a positive implication for improved academic performance.

    Etodike, C.E1; Ike, P.R.2 & Chukwura, E.N.3

    1Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka,  Anambra State

    E-mail: nelsonetodike@gmail.com,,

     

    2Department of Psychology, Federal University Ndufu-Alaike Ikwo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

    E-mail: preciousike45@gmail.com, and

     

    3 Department of Education Psychology, Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe, Anambra State

    E-mail: chukwura30@yahoo.com

     

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    Religiosity, And Social Mal-Adjustment As Correlates Of Assertiveness Competence Among Undergraduates

    Religiosity, And Social Mal-Adjustment As Correlates Of Assertiveness Competence Among Undergraduates

    Abstract

    Most Nigerian students have the problem of standing up for their right especially in a social
    situation. This affects their ability to dialogue, press, influence, and impose their opinion to
    the acceptance of others. Unassertiveness may sometimes predict mal-adaptive behaviour
    which is usually seen in people with low self-esteem and this may significantly affect one’s
    religiosity. As a result and in consideration of the importance of religious life of young
    people and its relationship with social mal-adjustment, this study explored religiosity and
    social mal-adjustment as correlates of assertiveness competence among undergraduate. 432
    student-participants comprising of 191 males and 242 females were used for the respondents
    of the study with the participants’ age ranging from 17 to 25 years on a mean age of 22.60
    years and standard deviation of 2.12. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study
    and data was collected with the aid of assertiveness competence scale from Dating and
    assertiveness questionnaire (DAQ) by Levenson and Gottman (1978), religious affiliation
    scale by Omoluabi (1995)and social mal-adjustment scale by social mal-adjustment scale
    (SMS) by Wiggins (1966).The result of the analysis confirmed that religiosity and maladjustment
    correlated positively and negatively respectively; whereas religiosity and maladjustment
    correlated negatively among Nigeria students. It is recommended that all agents
    of socialization notably; the family, the school and church should emphasize more on the
    usefulness of deepening assertiveness training in secondary schools so as to improve on their
    resolve to get better when they get over to the university.

    Authors: Ike, P.R.1; Etodike, C.E2; & Edwards, L.N

    1Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka,  Anambra State

    E-mail: nelsonetodike@gmail.com,

     

    2Department of Psychology, Federal University Ndufu-Alaike Ikwo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

    E-mail: preciousike45@gmail.com, and

     

    3Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences

    Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, PMB 5025, Awka Anambra State

    E-mail: ndidiedwards@gmail.com,

     

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