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  • Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas

    Assertiveness Training: Academic Performance And Self Esteem Among College Students In Selected Rural Areas


    Unassertiveness is a mal-adaptive behaviour which is usually seen in people with low selfesteem.
    It affects the ability of individuals to express their opinions, interests and needs
    openly, directly and honestly in matters that concern them, including standing up for their
    rights without violating the rights of others. It may also affect academic performance. Based
    on the above, this study examined assertiveness training and its effects on self-esteem and
    academic performance among S.S.3 students in selected secondary schools in rural areas of
    Anambra State. 108 student-participants comprising of 39 males and 69 females were
    subjects for the study. The participants’ age ranged from 15 to 19 years with a mean age of
    16.24 years and standard deviation of 1.10. Two hypotheses were formulated and data was
    collected with the aid of 25-item self-esteem questionnaire by Hudson (1982) and test scores.
    The participants were divided into two groups; the experimental group and the control
    group. After statistical analysis of the data, findings revealed that assertiveness training
    enhanced the self-esteem score of the experimental group whereas no significant changes
    were observed in that of the control group. Also, there were significant changes in the
    academic performance between the two groups. It is therefore recommended that government
    should through the intervention of the education board enhance the current curriculum to
    include practical assertiveness training among all the SS class students in order to improve
    on their self-esteem which has a positive implication for improved academic performance.

    Etodike, C.E1; Ike, P.R.2 & Chukwura, E.N.3

    1Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka,  Anambra State



    2Department of Psychology, Federal University Ndufu-Alaike Ikwo, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

    E-mail:, and


    3 Department of Education Psychology, Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe, Anambra State