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    Challenges Of African Traditional Healing System: Implication For The Development Of Indigenous Psychotherapy

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    Challenges Of African Traditional Healing System: Implication For The Development Of Indigenous Psychotherapy

    Abstract

    Traditional medicine is the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories,
    beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as
    well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illnesses. This paper
    explores the challenges of African traditional healing system and the implications for the
    development of indigenous psychotherapy. Previous studies show that about 80% of the
    population in Asian, African and some developed countries depend on traditional medicine
    for primary health care. Rate of acceptability, use, confidence in and efficacy of traditional
    healing system is increasing in Nigeria. Some indigenous traditional healing methods include
    herbalism, therapeutic dieting, and hydrotherapy and spirituality (divination). Notable
    challenges include international diversity, national policy and regulation, perceived safety,
    effectiveness and quality, knowledge and sustainability, patient safety and use. This study
    recommends that more research be carried out on African traditional healing, that the
    religious and metaphysical elements be separated from the physical matter, commitment of
    more resources to test and promote the use of safe and efficacious traditional medicines,
    practicing traditional healers should adhere to standardized norms and qualifications. There
    is need for speedy passing of the traditional health practitioners’ bill.

     

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    Comparison Between Cognitive Behaviour, Rational Emotive Behaviour And Meseron Therapies

    Comparison Between Cognitive Behaviour, Rational Emotive Behaviour And Meseron Therapies

    Abstract

    Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy [REBT], Cognitive Behaviour Therapy [CBT] and
    Meseron Therapy are three uniquely and very effective cognitive therapies used in clinical
    psychology practice. It is essential to clearly spell out the difference in the therapies as some
    psychologists in the past have experienced difficulty differentiating them. Rational Emotive
    Behaviour Therapy [REBT] was developed by Albert Ellis [1962] based on the rationale that
    irrational thinking is the root cause of psychological disturbances. Cognitive behaviour
    therapy [CBT] by Aaron Beck [1976], posits that how individuals view situations may result
    in psychological disturbances while Meseron Therapy by Alfred Awaritefe [1995] postulates
    that psychological disturbances arise as a result of faulty speaking as seen in the distortion of
    our appraisal mechanism, acquiescing to negativity and incongruence of striving and goals.
    This paper attempts to further explain each therapy in detail.

     

     

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    Meseron Therapy As A Motivation Theory

    Meseron Therapy As A Motivation Theory

    Abstract

    Reference is often made to Meseron as an African originated form of cognitive therapy. This
    classification arises from Meseron’s use of concepts such as thinking perceptive capacity,
    appraisal mechanism, operational facilities and choice. This is factual, but little is said about
    Meseron as a motivation theory. This paper intends to fill the gap by pointing out Meseron’s
    definition of man as a striving creature, its emphasis on resilience and the principle of “I
    can”.

     

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    Psychological Intervention Outcome Of In-Patients Referred For Insight Oriented Therapy In Federal Neurosychiatric Hospital, Yaba Lagos

    Psychological Intervention Outcome Of In-Patients Referred For Insight Oriented Therapy In Federal Neurosychiatric Hospital, Yaba Lagos

    Abstract

    Insight has been found to be an integral component that ensures success in most psychiatry
    treatment. It appears that, the more the client can understand the cause of the illness, the
    greater their chances of resolving their unpleasant experience. Insight-oriented
    psychotherapy is a client-centred therapy, a talk therapy that guides clients toward
    developing and understanding of self. It assumes that the client is healthy and their problem
    is a result of faulty-thinking. This study focused on testing the efficacy of insight oriented
    therapy in improving participants’ level of illness awareness. Forty three (43) inpatients
    from a federal government mental health facility were purposively selected based on
    referrals for individualized insight oriented therapy for a 12-session program. Participants
    responded to Beck Cognitive Insight Scale prior and after intervention (pre-posttest).The
    participants were made up of 23 males and 20 females with an average age of 32.21 9.31
    who entered therapy session upon referrals. The results revealed that insight oriented
    therapy had a significant impact on the level of the study sample’s insight
    [ t(42)= 47.429 p<.01]. Conclusively, insight oriented therapy has been
    found in this study to be efficacious in the management of patient with poor insight. Authors
    suggested that more clinical trials should be carried out to test It’s efficacy in larger samples
    and with control samples.

     

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    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Psychotherapy And Counselling

    Abstract

    Counseling and psychotherapy must be adapted to meet the developmental needs of children.
    It is generally held to be one part of an effective strategy for some purposes and not for
    others. In addition to therapy for the child, or even instead of it, children may benefit if their
    parents speak to a therapist, take parenting classes, attend grief counseling, or take other
    actions to resolve stressful situations that affect the child. Parent management training is a
    highly effective form of psychotherapy that teaches parents skills to reduce their child’s
    behavior problems.. Psychotherapy can be said to have been practiced through the ages.
    Historically, psychotherapy has sometimes meant “interpretative” (i.e. Freudian) methods,
    namely psychoanalysis, in contrast with other methods to treat psychiatric disorders such as
    behavior modification. Psychotherapy may be delivered in person, one on one or in groups,
    over the phone via telephone counseling, or via the internet. Psychotherapists may be mental
    health professionals, professionals from other backgrounds trained in a specific therapy, or
    in some cases non-professionals. Psychiatrists are first trained as physicians. One major aim
    of couselling is that it helps people identify problems and crises and encourages them to take
    positive steps to resolve these issues, as psychotherapy helps people with psychological
    problems that have built up over the course of a long period of time. Counselling and
    psychotherapy employ various techniques and strategies to resolve issues or behavioural
    problems. Therapy may address specific forms of diagnosable mental illness, or everyday
    problems in managing or maintaining interpersonal relationships or meeting personal goals.
    A course of therapy may happen before, during or after pharmacotherapy (e.g. taking
    psychiatric medication).

     

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    Psychotherapy In The Nigerian Armed Forces: Promoting Resilience Among Military Personnel And Their Families

    Psychotherapy In The Nigerian Armed Forces: Promoting Resilience Among Military Personnel And Their Families

    Abstract

    The Nigerian Armed Forces involved in military operations against Boko Haram insurgency
    and terrorism in the North East, Nigeria have not developed formalized strategies aimed at
    promoting the mental health and well-being of its personnel and their families.
    Unfortunately, protracted exposure to insurgency attacks and the military counter actions
    undertaken to contain these attacks have placed great stresses on the military personnel and
    their families who have already been challenged by the frequent deployments and absences
    of their spouses from home. These stresses are often presented in the form of social and
    emotional problems amongst children at home and in school. The wives of service personnel
    on the other hand are most vulnerable to depression and other psychological consequences
    of insurgency attacks as they take on more family responsibilities due to the death or
    physical and psychological incapacitation of their husbands. The personnel on their part
    face other physical and mental health issues such as traumatic experiences, physical injuries,
    depression, aggression, etc. Despite all these issues, the Nigerian Armed Forces have not put
    in place measures to ensure the provision of psychotherapeutic treatment thereby building
    and strengthening resilience for the personnel and their families. Psychotherapeutic
    interventions which concentrate on changing the ideologies of individuals, helping them
    resolve psychological issues and rehabilitation will ensure sound mental health and wellbeing
    for the military personnel and their families. It is in this regard that the study examined
    psychotherapy in the Nigerian Armed Forces for the purpose of developing resilience
    strategies among military personnel and their families

    Author:

    Philemon A. Agashua,

    Department of Psychology,

    Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna

    philagash@gmail.com

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    Response of Substance Use Patients To Insight Oriented Therapy At Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro, Abeokuta

    Response of Substance Use Patients To Insight Oriented Therapy At Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro, Abeokuta

    Abstract

    Psychotherapy for mental health treatment can be a very effective means for helping
    individuals to overcome behavioral and mental health issues that have caused them distress.
    Insight-oriented psychotherapy is an approach to mental health counseling with a focus on
    helping clients to understand their own inner workings and motivations. With this therapeutic
    techniques, the therapist encourages clients to examine their past relationships and the ways
    in which these dynamics have shaped their present The primary goals of treatment are to
    enhance and sustain patient motivation for change, establish and maintain abstinence from
    all psychoactive drugs, and foster development of (nonchemical) coping and problem solving
    skills to prevent and ultimately eliminate impulses to “self-medicate” with psychoactive
    drugs. The approach has shown to work well with issues such as substance abuse. This paper
    present the effectiveness of Insight Oriented Therapy in the management of substance use.
    Three substance use patient with hallucination, delusion and aimless wandering as
    presenting complain were exposed to Insight Oriented Therapy. This psychotherapeutic
    technique was employed after the patients exposure to chemotherapy. Patients responded
    positively after four sessions of two hours each for a period of two weeks. Authors
    recommend Insight Oriented Therapy as psychotherapy of option with management of
    substance use patient.

     

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    The Place Of Listening In Psychotherapy Text Of Keynote Speech

    The Place Of Listening In Psychotherapy Text Of Keynote Speech

    Abstract

    The article conceptualized listening, giving the various types of listening as well as
    Listening Styles. The many adversaries to listening or listening bugs. Then the methods of
    debugging oneself are presented. Finally how to debug oneself is presented for effective
    Psychotherapy.

     

    Author:

    Josiah A. Shindi

    Department of Psychology,

    Benue State University, Nigeria

     

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    The Use Of African Proverbs To Motivate Clients In Meseron Therapy

    The Use Of African Proverbs To Motivate Clients In Meseron Therapy

    Abstract

    African proverbs use metaphors for practical living and for dissemination of wisdom
    intricately woven in conversations to accomplish acts which cannot be realized by ordinary
    words. Believed as handed down from the ancestors African proverbs are highly esteemed.
    Meseron therapy draws on African belief in the potency of the spoken words, affirming that
    people have psychological problems because of faulty speaking. That what we say or what is
    said about us affects our thought and behaviour. To correct the psychopathology, Meseron
    theorizes “saying it right” (rejecting wrong unwholesome words) taking covert actions at the
    level of thought and overt actions in form of words and deeds. To motivate clients Meseron
    therapists can incorporate some salient attributes of African proverbs such as their
    embedded expression of conventional truth which clients easily identify with without doubt
    when used by therapists, their brevity and easy to remember and understand nature which
    can influence clients perceptive capacity, appeal to their reasoning, and make them see self
    defeatist words as abnormal and pathological. Qualities such as availability, strong tool of
    persuasion, having a base of practical experience, common sense, intellectual richness worth
    listening to and obeying, make African proverbs a veritable tool in Meseron approach.

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